This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Skepticism Essay

2533 words - 10 pages

The Role of Doubt in the Skeptical Attack on KnowledgeINTRODUCTIONCertain truth has no man seen nor will there ever be a man who knows (from immediate experienced about the gods and about everything of which I speak: fro even if he should fully succeed in saying what is true, even so he himself does not know it, but in all things, there is Opinion What has been the major concern in the discipline of philosophy (especially metaphysics and epistemology) is the certainty of the reality that befall man, that is the knowledge of the truth and of existence in man's world; God, man, and nature. Philosophies over the ages have been on the brink of discovering the means by which our knowledge is acquired, the extent of its validity and the standards or criteria by which we can judge the reliability of our knowledge claims. In our claim, we look for satisfaction of what reality is given, given that certain realities can be known. In such satisfaction we see that there is inadequacy in what we claim to know as the truth or reality. Hence, this is the point at which we actually need to sieve the matter and to claim what is ours as pertaining to knowledge. The inadequacy and unsatisfactory answers is where our knowledge becomes skeptical if really there can be any adequacy what so ever in our knowledge claim. The question becomes what is the basis of all knowledge-claims and upon which standardsare they to be judged. If so much of what had been taken as certain has proved to uncertain or false or doubtful, then how can we ever be certain. What this short essay seeks to unravel is the extent to which our doubtful skill nature could prove our knowledge claim. A BRIEF EXPOSITION OF THE THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE Epistemology is one of the branches of philosophy that deals and questions the reality of our knowledge. It thus concerns itself with questions concerning truth and knowledge. The possibility of knowledge has been on an historical debate to which here and now questions are asked to the fact that whether or not we can know anything at all. The two prominent philosophical schools predominantly in the modern era; that is, the rationalist and the empiricist have their claims concerning the theory of knowledge. What led to this division in thought is the fact about the origin of our knowledge and each school claim to have knowledge in their state of regards. For the rationalists, "they assert that by employing certain procedures of reason alone we can discover knowledge in the strongest sense, knowledge that can under no circumstances possibly be false". Such knowledge they say is gained a priori, that is, knowledge obtained through reason, prior to or independently of experience. The rationalist further claim that, we cannotfind absolutely certain knowledge in sense experience but have to seek for it only in the realm of the mind. Hence, it is a form of innate ideas that forms such knowledge from and in the mind. Those who belong to this school includes; Plato,...

Find Another Essay On Skepticism

Skepticism is true Essay

950 words - 4 pages The Truth of Skepticism Skepticism, in the context of this paper, is defined as the proposition that there is an inherent inability to absolutely and perfectly have knowledge of the truth of a particular object, hence there is no proof a truth exists for any object. An argument that skepticism is true sets out to establish the subjectivity and imperfection in the gathering and analysis of empirical data about an object. What skepticism is not

Descartes's Views on Skepticism Essay

805 words - 4 pages To be a skeptic means that one disbelieves what others consider truth. For example, skepticism could apply to an atheist. Atheism is the non-belief in God, therefore and atheist would be a skeptic. Skepticism is a healthy attitude as one should question the ideas they are given, but they should not take it so far that they do not believe in anything. Descartes, says, “Several years have now passed since I first realized how numerous were the

Skepticism Towards Satan

2352 words - 9 pages Satan's character, the reader's skepticism towards Satan's character is heightened exponentially throughout the poem.By associating the character of Satan with figures of infamy throughout the Bible and history, the narrator conjures up the reader's preconceived notions of evil and thereby invokes a distrustful attitude towards Satan immediately. By immediately naming the antagonist of the poem as Satan, the narrator allows the reader to recall

18th Century Skepticism

1619 words - 7 pages Skepticism is described by the Encyclopedia Britannica as a philosophical attitude of doubling the knowledge claims set forth in various areas and asking what they are based on, what they actually established, and whether they are indubitable or necessarily true. In laments terms, asking why things are the way they are. Through the 18th century, great minds stepped forth to present their opinion of perceived information and likewise their

Skepticism in the Modern World

860 words - 4 pages Philosophical skepticism, according to Scottish philosopher David Hume, is asking whether human beings can perceive the world around us with any degree of accuracy. Practicing this school of thought means that a person initially never believes anything to be true, but at the same time, does not say everything is necessarily false; instead, he maintains a position of doubt. The final source of truth for a skeptic is experience. In terms

Skepticism: A good or bad thing?

1635 words - 7 pages Consider this: a random doctor comes up to you, professing to have a cure for any and all kinds of viruses. He presents a syringe of the “antidote”, he has not provided background nor the results of his experimentation. Would you take the antidote? Within a person's life time, there will be various moments of skepticism. Skepticism can be both beneficial and detrimental, it can also lead to the arising of various knowledge claims. One of the

Profesional Skepticism Related to Auditor´s Performance

606 words - 3 pages 5-98 b. How does the fundamental concept of professional skepticism relate to audit quality? PCAOB standards and oversight emphasize that professional skepticism is fundamental to the role and performance of auditors. The application of professional skepticism throughout the audit is a foundational aspect of audit quality and the integrity of the audit process. Professional skepticism is a key element of a quality audit, meaning not accepting

Nietzsche’s Perspectivism and Philosophical Skepticism: A Comparison

4430 words - 18 pages , Skepticism, Dogmatism, and Perspectivism. These thoughts are just a few major classifications from some of the great thinkers on truth. The ones in focus are relative to Friedrich Nietzsche and his modern developments on the idea of truth. After exploration through the thought and philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche it can be mesmerizing to grasp a firm hold onto viewpoints in contrast with many philosophers. Much of the content throughout his works

“Was Darwin Wrong?” competition and skepticism

289 words - 2 pages In David Quammen’s, “Was Darwin Wrong?” he analyzes and gives background to Charles Darwin’s theories of evolution and natural selection. Quammen gives evidence of the competition Darwin had, skepticism felt about his theories, and proves the accuracy of his findings through research of other scientists. Quammen supports his claim that many are skeptical of Darwin’s theory of evolution by providing statistics of a Gallup poll conducted in the

Descartes and Hume: A Look at Skepticism and Finding Stability

905 words - 4 pages skepticism in his work An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding, for he criticizes Descartes’ claim because “‘it is impossible,’” (qtd. in Cottingham 35). Both philosophers show distinct reasoning in what skepticism is and how it is useful in finding stability. Descartes begins the excerpt by stating that because many things he learned in his childhood turned out to be false, he felt it was necessary “to demolish everything completely and start

'the Excellent Foppery of the World': Skepticism in King Lear

2424 words - 10 pages `The Excellent Foppery of the World': Skepticism in King Lear "As flies to wanton boys are we to th' gods; / They kill us for their sport." (4.1.41-42) So bemoans the blinded and despondent Earl of Gloucester in King Lear. Whether his claim deserves merit, while intriguing, is far beyond the scope of this paper. What I do intend to explore, however, is whether Shakespeare's play supports or opposes these and other skeptical ideas. I

Similar Essays

Skepticism Essay

1170 words - 5 pages Skepticism Skepticism is the Western philosophical tradition that maintains that human beings can never arrive at any kind of certain knowledge. Originating in Greece in the middle of the fourth century BC, skepticism and its derivatives are based on the following principles: There is no such thing as certainty in human knowledge. All human knowledge is only probably true, that is, true most of the time, or not true. Several non

Skepticism Essay

673 words - 3 pages Skepticism You believe something, but you don't know it. So do you really know anything? Some believe the answer lies within the arguments of skepticism. I start by analyzing the argument from perspective. Do you believe that what you see is what it is? Let's say you and I are sitting on the couch looking at a picture on the wall. We both have different opinions of what we are looking at. And there's more

Skepticism Refuted Essay

982 words - 4 pages Skepticism is an honest search to knowledge. It is an approach to claims akin to the scientific method. It is a powerful and positive method of inquiry which is used to evaluate claims and make decisions. It is used to search for the truth in matters and to make decisions that are based on logic, evidence and sound reasoning. Skepticism is based on a simple method: doubt and inquiry. The idea is to neither initially accept claims nor dismiss

Arguments Against Philosophical Skepticism Essay

2420 words - 10 pages ‘Skepticism’ refers the theory that we do not possess any knowledge; skepticism denies any existence of justified belief. This paper discusses the varieties of philosophical skepticism and explains the various skeptical arguments and responses to philosophical skepticism, along with both Hume, and Descartes take on skepticism. This paper will also describe the various arguments against skepticism along with their justification. While the