Skill, Ability And Technique In Fitness

1155 words - 5 pages

Skill, Ability and Technique in Fitness

Both skill and technique are learnt and developed, whereas ability is
innate. Because skill and technique are learnt, they are dependent on
practice to be able to progress. As ability is innate, you are born
with specific abilities, which will help you to develop skills and
techniques. For example, if you are of average height, have good
coordination and have an abundance of fast-twitch fibres in your legs
then you have the ability to become a sprinter. Although ability is
said to be innate, research has shown that some abilities can be
enhanced, especially in early childhood. However, innate abilities are
needed to reach the highest levels in sport.

There are 3 types of skill:

Cognitive - involves thought processes

Perceptual - involves interpretation of information

Motor - involves movement

The relationship between skill, ability and technique can be defined
with the equation:


The other components of fitness are: power, speed, muscular endurance,
mobility, cardio-vascular endurance, co- ordination, local muscular
endurance anaerobic endurance, and reaction time and body composition.
Each different sport will require all theses different components of
fitness to be able to perform in their sport. Some sports will require
different or more than others. Components of fitness are important
because without them a performer would not be able to perform their
chosen sport or activity. High levels of fitness will hopefully
improve the way they undertake their sport, giving a higher
performance level. Practices can be used to improve levels of fitness
and also technique and skill. Practice can be defined as: the
repetition of technique and skill, often taken out of the context of a
whole game, so that it can be improved.

Fixed practice involves repetition of an activity leading to automatic
responses. The movement becomes second nature, ideal for non-adaptive
skills always the same. This could be a basketball player practicing a
set shot who will shoot several balls over and over again trying to
get it through the hoop. This is a closed skill. Variable practice
involves a variety of activities and situations. The learner applies
the skill to a number of different environments. In practice one
learns to apply it to a range of different circumstances i.e. starting
with a football and moving it from side to side whilst stationary,
then at walking pace, then running and finally adding defenders in
which to beat. This is known as an open skill. It tests out what
abilities we have.

A skill can be self paced i.e. the performer has complete control over
the rate at which the action takes place. This is because there is no
external environment so the player is free to execute the move when

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