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Skin Cancer Essay

1160 words - 5 pages

Skin cells that lose the ability to grow and divide are called skin cancer. Another name for skin cancer is neoplasia. Skin cancer begins on the outer layer of the skin called the epidermis and is the most common form of cancer in humans. All skin cancers are important but the most commonly seem is the basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, melanoma. These skin cancers happens when the skin starts to grows abnormal skin cells and form a mass called a skin tumor. Basal cell carcinoma and squamous are the most common skin cancer and they are referred to as nonmelanoma cancer. The least dangerous skin cancer of the three is the basal cell carcinoma. The most dangerous skin cancer of the three is melanoma because it spreads quickly to metastasize throughout the body. Metastasizing means to affect or spread elsewhere in the body from the original tumor site to another site on the body by transporting tiny cells by the lymph’s or blood. A skin tumor is benign, if the tumor spreads to the tissue it’s known as malignant or cancerous, and if the tumors affects healthy cells its known as malignant tumors. Most skin cancers affect people who are 50 or older and a growth begins to change the existing skin growth, then a sore form to be cancerous. For treatment to be able to happen it has the cancer must be in a treatable area, the type of cancer has to be treatable, depends on the stage of the cancer, the age of the person, and the overall health of the person.
Melanoma is very rare cancer and is sometimes referred to as malignant melanoma. Pigment is color given to the skin and the melanocytes are the cells that helps produce dark materials. Melanoma cancer can be deadly, it’s the most life threatening and has a very high risk of spreading to the vital organs. If melanoma cells move to the lymph nodes it can be deadly and can’t be stop. It is likely that the melanoma cell can be treated, when it reaches then passes through the lymph nodes and the bloodstream, and it can be removed but will reoccur. When melanoma passes through the lymph nodes it’s likely that it has already affected the organs like the liver, lungs, or brain. This is how the cancer is spread to the organs of the body in a tumor form to become a deadly disease. This disease affects people of all ages and it can be detected by age 16. It can occur on any skin surface. In men, melanoma is often found on the trunk (the area between the shoulders and the hips) or the head and neck. In women, it often develops on the lower legs. Melanoma is rare in black people and others with dark skin. When it does develop in dark-skinned people, it tends to occur under the fingernails or toenails, or on the palms or soles. This cancer disease is metastasis and will move to the other organs of the body. Melanoma cancer is different than the squamous and the basal cell carcinoma because it will spread. This can be passed on through genes, the gen can hide and looks like a normal gen in the early stages....

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