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Skryfopdra 1 Essay

1172 words - 5 pages

1 Inleiding
Die uitspraak van Steyn HR in Ex Parte die Minister van Justisie: In re S v Van Wyk 1967 1 SA 488 (A) is ryp vir heroorweging deur die Suid- Afrikaanse Konstitutionele Hof.
‘n Wederregtelike handeling, ook bekend as actus reus, is ‘n menslike handeling wat onregmatig is en voldoen aan die Ius Certum beginsel. Die misdaad is omskryf in duidelike en ondubbelsinnige terme.
1 1 Noodweer
Noodweer word gedefinieer as ‘n persoon wat die slagoffer is van ‘n onregmatige aanval op sy persoon, eiendom of ander erkende regsbelang (ook ‘n belang van ‘n derde party) mag onmiddelike, redelike en nodige geweld teen die aanvaller gebruik om die aanval af te weer. Enige skade wat die aanvaller ...view middle of the document...

Van Wyk het met ‘n speurder-sersant tot die verstandhouding gekom dat hy ‘n haelgeweer kon stel, mits hy ‘n behoorlike waarskuwing opsit dat daar so ‘n geweer gestel is. Die waarksuwing is in beide Engels en Afrikaans geskryf. Dawid Moyo, het ingebreuk en die stel afgetrap. Die skoot het hom in die heup getref, effens hoër as wat Van Wyk beplan het. Dawid is later dood gevind buite die winkel. Die kennisgewing wat Van Wyk opgesit het was dit nie die oggend van die ondersoek daar nie.
2 Navorsingsvraag
In RE S v Van Wyk het die minister ingevolge artikel 385 van die Strafproseswet, 56 van 1955, twee vrae aan die hof voorgelê:
a) Kan ‘n persoon hom op die leerstuk van Noodweer beroep waar hy ‘n ander dood of beseer ten einde sy besittings te beskerm?
b) Indien wel, is die perke van Noodweer in die omstandighede, soos weergegee in die beslissing van S v H. A. Van Wyk, nie oorskry nie?
Is die lewe van ‘n persoon wat iemand anders se eiendom neem of beskadig belangriker as die persoon wie se eiendom geneem of beskadig word?
3 Stellings wat gemaak is
Die stelling word gemaak dat ‘n persoon geregverdig is en straffeloos sou gaan as hy iemand beseer of selfs dood as die optrede as gevolg waarvan die besring opgedoen is of die dood ingetree het sodanig was dat dit die enigste redelike optrede was onder die besondere omstandighede wat geheers het, waarop hy sy besittings kon beskerm.
Volgens Carpzovius kan ‘n ander straffeloos gedood word nie slegs ter beskerming van eie liggaam nie, maar ook ter verdediging en herkryging van goed.
4 Uitspraak van Steyn H.R. in Re S v Van Wyk
Daar word betoog dat die uitspraak in Van Wyk op die wet beskou moet word as 'n onredelike en onregverdigbare inbreuk op die reg op lewe.
Steyn, H. R. nadat daar gesê is dat die vervolging nie bo redelike twyfel bewys is nie en dat, in die omstandighede, Van Wyk die wettige perke van die verdediging van sy eiendom oorskry het:
Dit is hy wat buite die regsorde tree, en as hy die dood wil trotseer om ‘n ander se reg te skend, waarom moet die verdediger, vir wie dit onteenseglik geoorloof is om sy reg te beskerm, as regsverbreker aangemerk word as hy dan liewer doodslaan as om sy reg prys te gee? …Ek sou om die redes, en gesien die steun wat daarvoor in ons gemene reg te...

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