Slave Trade From Th 16th To 19th Century

1568 words - 7 pages

The impact on the African slave trade during 16th centuries to 19th centuries was huge. The economy of those countries which allowed African slave trade grew bigger and bigger. For instance, America, a huge land that had nothing before the trade, started to gain some profit out of farming and increased hugely on population. They used a big amount of African slaves to farm and work. And this created the economy better in America. Also Europeans, which were only one million people brought up 5.5 million African slaves (men, women, children) to the Western Hemisphere. 80 % out of 5.5 million slaves were enslaved as a field worker (sugar). With all of those slaves working in the West Hemisphere, Europeans gained huge profits and were able to dominate the production of sugar. (http://news.nationalgeographic.com) Africans traded humans for the materials such as guns, rifles for them to protect themselves from neighbors. The trades for the Africans were needed and this allowed them to protect themselves. (http://www.factmonster.com) This was how huge the impact on the African slave trade was. However, the problem of African slave trade was the treatment on the slaves. The slaves were forced to work everyday; sometimes they had to take their risks to complete their jobs.
The treatment on the slaves when going to the ports was too harsh. First the slaves were abducted randomly from the poor to the rich. Most of them were just randomly taken by European merchants and were taken to the ports. Young men were captured the most and so the families of the Africans usually were separated a lot. After kidnapping those innocent Africans, European merchants forced them to walk in a line to the European coastal port; sometimes as far as 1,000 miles. Shackled, only half of the people were able to make the death marches until the port. Those who were exhausted or sick were often killed during the path or left to die. (http://discoveringbristol.org.uk) When they reached the port, Europeans forced the slaves to go inside the underground dungeon, where the slaves can stay at the place for the ships to come. (http://www.factmonster.com) Sometimes some slaves had stay in there for a year waiting for the ship to come and pick them up. Many slaves had never seen the sea before and never been on a ship. They had no knowledge of where they were going or what awaited them there but to wait inside the underground dungeon. (http://blackloyalist.com)
Conditions on the passage to America were dreadful. The slaves were packed below the decks of the ship. Men were shackled together in pairs by leg irons. The men especially young and strong ones were considered dangerous. Therefore, the merchants kept them very close to each other that they couldn’t get to the toilet buckets but to lay in their own filth. Heat and lack of air contributed to the terrible smell. This caused terrible diseases that killed huge amount of slaves. Fever and the ‘bloody flux’ or gastroenteritis (a serious...

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