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Slavery And How It Grew Into The Thirteenth Amendment

1723 words - 7 pages

The term slave is defined as a person bound in servitude as the property of a person or household. When most think of slaves a vision of an African American person appears in their head but in reality the Native Americans were the first slaves. The Native Americans, as well as indentured servants were used as slaves in the New World not just African Americans. When slavery began in the New World, the color of a person's skin was of little significance. Slaves were white, tan, and black. What mattered most was how hard they worked and the job they did. It also did not matter what gender the slaves were, because either way they could be put to work used as a servants or farmer.
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Due to these conditions, diseases commonly broke out, spreading rapidly among the slaves. Although in the beginning of slavery and the middle things do end up working out for the slaves and Abraham Lincoln creates the emancipation proclamation and then soon after the thirteenth amendment to free all slaves.
The slaves that were on the ships were not baptized on the ship over they were forced to be slaves and work on the farms while, the sixty that came first to America first were baptized and became servants. Since they were not baptized they were thought of as less than human. They packed the ships full of slaves which caused the horrible conditions and the diseases that broke out on the ships over to America. Slaves were then forced to work hard conditions and long hours. Soon after the cotton gin was invented, with the invention of the cotton gin there became a need for more slaves for farms.
The invention of the cotton gin in 1793 by Eli Whitney solidified the central importance of slavery to the South’s economy therefore it kept the need to keep slaves around and expand on owning more than one slave. Slavery was most commonly known in the south, because slavery was such a vital aspect of their lives. Southern wealth had become dependent on this crop and thus was completely trusting on slave labor. With the economy growing and changing because of cotton being a new reliable resource it also changed the dynamics of slavery. Before the cotton gin was invented slavery was going to be on its way out, because it was getting to expensive for slave owners to maintain them. By creating the cotton gin it caused a lot of problems for the northerners and the southerners.
Along with the increase of slavery in the south there was the debate whether it was right or wrong. The south being pro thought it was better for the economy and believed that slaves were inhumane. Just like in today’s society we hire Hispanics for cheap labor just like the white settlers did for African Americans. The northerners believed that slavery was immoral. The northerners were used to not relying on slave labor to work. Not all the northerners believed that slavery was wrong some did own slaves. The north believed in freedom most Quakers lived in the north and freed slaves. The northerners believed that it was against their founding fathers and the Declaration of Independence. By keeping slaves the south was being hypocritical, because they were fighting for freedom, but not allowing African Americans to be free.
Slavery was abolished in 1865 with the help of the thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, officially abolishing slavery. The 13th amendment to the United States Constitution provides that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, nor any place subject to their jurisdiction" (Abolition of Slavery (1865)). Before the thirteenth...

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