This research paper will serve to examine the development of slavery in the United States, starting from the 17th century by the colonists of Virginia. It will analyze the spread of slavery throughout the American colonies, and identify the disagreements between the North and the South. The paper will explain the daily lives of slaves, and argue how oppressing black slaves was unjust, introducing the Civil War and how it began. It will also express the Emancipation Proclamation along with the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth amendments. This will lead to apprehend how the slaves attained their freedom.
Slavery in American began when European settlers of North America turned to African slaves as an inexpensive, more abundant source for labor than the indentured servants. Indentured servants were poor English settlers who gave up their freedom for three to seven years in exchange for passage to America. They were given a payment known as “freedom dues” when they finished the end of their contract and were released. The European settlers needed more workers for their plantations. In 1619, a Dutch ship brought twenty captive Africans ashore and sold them in Jamestown, Virginia. Slavery soon spread as various numbers of more Africans were shipped to the colonies. Historians gave an estimation of about six to seven million slaves imported from Africa during the 18th century alone. This importation deprived the African continent of some of its most healthy and ablest men and women.
Slaves had been treated as savages even before they were brought to America. During the slave trade, the transport of the slaves across the Atlantic, many slaves had lost their lives on the journey itself. The crossing took around 60-90 days, but some lasted up to four months. On the slave ships, people were crowded together and men were often chained in pairs. There was no room for movement and slaves were told to lie down in between the legs of others. This meant that they often had to lie in each other’s feces, urine, and blood also. With such cramped conditions, diseases such as smallpox had easily spread, and the diseased were usually thrown overboard in order to prevent widespread. Since the small crew on the ship had to control such a massive group, whippings were used and slaves were ruthlessly beaten.
Between one to two million slaves had died before reaching the New World over the centuries. Those that made it to America were devastated of their lives in Africa and encountered new lives as slaves. In the beginning, the imported African slaves had worked side by side with the indentured servants. A few were even treated like the poor English settlers, being able to work for their freedom. However, the vast majority were enslaved given that they were depended on more by landowners to meet their labor needs. Ultimately, every colony had made slavery legal, but the southern colonies had more slaves toiling on plantations. These plantations grew crops that...