Slavery In Sudan Essay

1113 words - 4 pages

Slavery predates writing and can be found in almost all cultures and continents. Historically, slavery was the form that most conquistadors used to dominate people years ago. The conquistadors sold and kidnapped humans to do the physical work for them. In Africa where the human tread persist in this days, Sudan has been facing the slavery problem since twenty century. Most slaves were initially captured in wars or kidnapped in isolated raids, but some were sold into slavery trade by their parents as a means of surviving extreme conditions. However, Sudan slavery is unique though it was not based on any of the traditional reasons for enslavement. Instead, Slavery was based on a new concept because modern day. Sudan government was involved in backing and arming numerous militias in the country. They got the money by selling slave and bought more arms during the civil war. It had also found; the government has failed to enforce Sudanese laws against kidnapping, assault and forced labor. Also, religion conflicts between north and south in Sudan making the situation worse. Slavery in Sudan has been caused by these three major reasons: the impacts of internal conflicts and wars, the problems of Sudanese government actions, and the religions.
Geographically, Sudan is divided in two north and south. The north part has Arab heritage, and the south part has the African heritages. These two groups of Sudanese are also divided in their language, racial, religious, and economical positions. The division of Sudan is related with its colonial and condominium history. The roots of that were basically the two rules that Sudan had during its history: Turko- Egyptian and British- Egyptian rules. The Turko- Egyptian rule began when Arab arrived first from the upper part of Egypt and crossing the red sea during the middle age. This was an expedition. The expedition had a goal to recruit people to join its military crew in 1820 under the leader of Egypt Muhammad Ali. This changed. When the British took control of Egypt in 1880. The British – Egyptian rules started. This rule allows the British could administer the north and south Sudan as separate colonies. If people from the south wanted to go to the north part or vice versa, they must have a passport to make business. One of these businesses was slave trade.
The social division occurs basing these two rules. Sudan was divided in its religious, languages, and customs. Sudanese culture has two heritages.
The impacts of civil wars and internal conflict changed the form of living in the country. The region has been negatively affected by two civil wars since Sudanese independence during 1955-2005.
In the first civil war, from 1955 to 1972, southern insurgents, called the Anya Nya, fought against Government of Sudan for greater autonomy. By 1969, Anya Nya controlled most of southern Sudan. In 1971, the rebel group integrated into the Southern Sudan Liberation Movement, or SSLM, the precursor to today’s Sudan...

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