Sljdlfjsl:Jfl Klkadfl;Ajdf;Laj;Dl Essay

1725 words - 7 pages

Chapter OneChristopher Columbus: Italian navigator funded by Spanish to find passage to Far East; discovered "New World" but thought it to be India; October 12, 1492Columbian Exchange: Trade between Old and New World (food, plants, animals, disease)Spanish Conquistadores: invaded Central/South America for riches; conquered Incas, Aztecs and others; intermarried with tribes (Balboa=Pacific Ocean, Magellan=circumnavigation, Leon=Florida)Treaty of Tordesillas: Spain v. Portugal for land of New World; Spanish went to Pope and divided land (Spanish majority of west while Portuguese got east)Chapter TwoJamestown: settled by British Virginia Company in 1606; headed by John SmithElizabeth I: encouraged British settlement and ensured naval dominanceRoanoke Island: founded by Walter Raleigh and exemplified Britain's first failures to colonize AmericaSpanish Armada: Spain attacked & lost against Britain, giving Britain dominance over the sea and colonizationNew England Colonies: rocky climate, religious, shipping, fishing, lumberMiddle Colonies: good land, religious freedom, tobacco, indigoSouthern Colonies: crop land, hierarchy, plantations, cottonChapter ThreePuritans: wanted to purify Church of England; visible saints; strictCalvinism: predestination, worked hardPilgrims: Separatists, worried about Dutchification, Plymouth RockQuakers: Religious Society of Friends, equality, individual religious authority; Pennsylvania, anti-slaveryNavigation Laws: America was restricted to Britain for colonial trade in 1660sChapter FourBacon's Rebellion: 1676, young planter led rebellion against people friendly to Indians; torched JamestownMiddle Passage: middle segment of forced journey slaves made from Africa to America, dangerous trip across Atlantic Ocean, many perishedHalf-Way Covenant: Puritan church policy, allowed partial membership to people not converted to Puritanism, more equal, women made up large portionSalem Witch Trials: Salem girls claimed to have been bewitched by older women, witch hunt led to 20 deaths and ended 1693Chapter FiveTriangular Trade: small, profitable trading route between New England, Africa, and West Indies for slavery and molasses/rumChurch of England/Anglicans: not as strict, sermons shorter, not as scaryCongregational Church: grown from Puritanism, worried not devout enoughGreat Awakening: religious revival to motivate colonial AmericansChapter SixSalutary neglect: British policy of avoiding strict enforcement of AmericaFrench & Indian War: French/Indians vs. English/Americans, English established as world power, France kicked out of North America, America gained land to Mississippi RiverTreaty of Paris: France kicked out of NA, but maintained West Indies islandsAlbany Congress: advocated union of British colonies for security against French (failed because colonies did not want to give up independence to national group)Join or Die: political cartoon by Benjamin Franklin showing separate colonies as a disjointed...

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