Slums In Kenya Essay

918 words - 4 pages

In the heart of Nairobi, Kenyans prove to be less aware of the effects and causes of damaging the environment when littering; whether they are ignorant or naïve to the situation is up for debate. However, these are not those reasons are just the beginning as for many others, it’s the only way. Garbage trucks do not reach the outskirts of Kenya, they do not drive to many of the villages outside the city.
With no formal local waste collection/management system, people are forced to dump their garbage including sewage, raw egg shells, plastic bags and plastic bottles around their shacks and in open pits. As can be seen from the graph, in most low income areas and surrounding areas, there is no ...view middle of the document...

It was designed in hope to turn Nairobi’s biggest slum, Kibera, around and lessen the pollution of goundwater and rivers, pollution of the food chain, the levels of Methane gas emissions, as well as the impact it would have on the environment and one’s health.
The cooker itself is low in cost and doesn’t require advanced technology. It also encourages citizens to collect waste and bring it to the oven in exchange for energy to cook food and heat water. To work, the cooker only needs trash, small amounts of water, and disused engine oil to function. Although, people still have to pay a small fee to use it, it is much cheaper for them to cook with the communal cooker than it is to buy charcoal, paraffin or firewood for themselves.

Environmental Resources Management consultancy estimated that even if the cooker is in operation 24 hours a day, it could still save the calorific heat equivalent to the burning down of 2400 trees in a year. Since many residents rely on either charcoal or firewood as their source of energy, Kenya’s forests are rapidly declining; which according to the World Rainforest Movement results in negative effects on the local climate, wildlife and water sources. As well, since the burning of charcoal and firewood emits mostly Carbon into the atmosphere, the Kenya Forest Research Institute believes that the burning of the rubbish is a more environmentally friendly substitute to the situation.
Another advantage of this cooker is that it is cheaper for the residents to operate. Community users either pay 90kg of waste/hour or pay...

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