Smallpox Vaccination( This Was A Research Project For A College Science Class).

799 words - 3 pages

Smallpox VaccinationSome scientists speculate that the smallpox virus may have made it's way to humans as early as 400 B.C. (Preston 54). Some even suggest that the young Pharaoh Ramses V may have died of the virus in 1157 B.C. (Preston 54). No one can really say for sure where the virus came from or when it was introduced, but because of the scientific research of Edward Jenner the world has a weapon against this horrible disease.Edward Jenner was an English country doctor who in the seventeen hundreds became interested in the disease called smallpox. When Jenner was a child he was exposed to "variolation" which at that time was the weapon against smallpox. The process of variolation was to remove pus and fluid from a smallpox lesion and use a needle to place the infected pus under the skim of the person being protected. Another process of variolation was to take the scab of a smallpox victim and make it into powder. The powder was then inhaled or injected with a needle straight in the vein. Populations that used these variolation techniques had a lower rate of smallpox, but some people still died from the exposure they received through variolation (Okonek).Therefore to help come up with an alternative solution to fighting smallpox Edward Jenner at the age of twenty-three started looking into folklore he had always heard. The folklore was that milkmaids who had previously had cowpox could not catch smallpox. Through Jenner's patients he observed evidence that made the folklore true. Milkmaids who had previously contracted cowpox were immune to the smallpox virus. Jenner had no other explanation why the milkmaids were immune to the disease other than the fact that they had contracted cowpox before hand (Jenner).Using the scientific method Jenner decided to conduct an experiment. Jenner's hypothesis was that cowpox could be used as a vaccine to make people immune to smallpox. Jenner knew that by using the current method of variolation some people would continue to die from the exposure to smallpox. Cowpox was not as severe as smallpox so if the hypothesis worked in the experiment Jenner knew it would be a safer alternative to variolation (Jenner).On May 14, 1796 Jenner injected one of his patients, an eight-year-old healthy boy named James Phipps, with the cowpox virus. It was not uncommon in the 1700's to use real people as test subjects. The cowpox virus was taken f4rom the hand of a...

Find Another Essay On Smallpox Vaccination( This was a research project for a college science class).

This is a college essay I wrote, which was also for an English class. It was overwhelming for me so this might help some people. Good luck.

513 words - 2 pages school math and science are my strongest subjects. Right now I am taking Running Start Human Anatomy and Physiology for a science course. This course is taught at the high school through the New Hampshire Community Technical College (NHCTC). I find the human body to be very interesting which is allowing me to enjoy taking this course. Because this is a college course I am enrolled as a student at NHCTC and am earning 4 credits towards college. In my

La Vida de Roberto Clemente This is a biography of Roberto Clemente. It was for my college spanish class and yes its in spanish.

1008 words - 4 pages ón de una "ciudad de deportes" donde niños podrían jugar deportes en Puerto Rico, sin importancia a su estado social o económica. Roberto era un modelo para muchos muchachos puertorriqueños. "Growing up in Puerto Rico we got to learn a lot about his character, it was obvious that not only was he one of the greatest players, but a great human being as well." Bernie Williams, de los Yankees de Nueva York. (Anderson, 306

"Lazlo, The Clockmaker" A 6 page short story inspired by Salvador Dali's painting 'Persistance of Memory' written for my final project in my college Creative Writing class.

1970 words - 8 pages -Emporium, how can I help you?" answered Lazlo."Lazlo! He was just here! The ClockStopper!" said a frantic voice."Who is this?" queried Lazlo."What? Oh come on man, it's me Jeremiah!" said the voice."Oh hey Jeremiah! How's your wife doing?" said Lazlo, oblivious to Jeremiah's discontent."There's no time for chit chat! You've got to get out of there now!""Um. Why?" wondered Lazlo."The ClockStopper! He just hit up my shop and stole my address book, he's

Acid Rain. This is a research paper I did for my science fair project.

806 words - 3 pages is pure water. Wine, beer, apples, vinegar, and lemon juice all have a pH lower than 7, and therefore are acids. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) is released into the air when fossil fuels such as coal, natural gas, and oil are burned. Coal accounts for most U.S. SO2 emissions and a large portion of NOx emissions. Sulfur is present in coal as an impurity, and it reacts with air when the coal is burned to form SO2. In contrast, NOx

This was a research paper for intro to the internet class

943 words - 4 pages Bachman books, so my opinion may change.I was happy to see there is a large area on the Internet dedicated to Stephen King's Dark Tower books. So far there have been three parts published over the span of fourteen years. The fourth part is scheduled for release in Summer 1997. I cannot wait. It has been awhile since I read any of these books; part three came out in 1992. There were sixteen pages that refreshed your memory of this story and

Comic Books-this was for a Socy 227 project.

1018 words - 4 pages . George Herbert Mead's theory of the Looking Glass self is evident in this decision. The societal reflection of his action would be fear and loathing, neither of which would promote positive social interactions with his peers. His entire concept of his self was greatly altered; he was no longer a member of the society around him. He was, instead, an outsider in what was once his home.Xi'An Chi Xan, referred to as Xi'An by friends and foes, is the next

Smallpox vaccination for critical public service workers

1334 words - 5 pages Note: Includes overview and history of the disease. Citations included, but not in proper form.Smallpox vaccination for critical public service workersThere has been much publicity about the threat of bioterrorist attacks in the UnitedStates. Usually, the agent cited as the most likely to be used is the smallpox virus. Thefederal government has recommended that only certain public health and health careworkers be vaccinated. If a major outbreak

this is a research paper for an undergraduate college abnormal psych class. it is on autism. Autism- A Pervasive Spectrum Disorder

2646 words - 11 pages and treated than fifty years ago when autism was first "announced". People are starting to realize and understand that people with autism have something to offer, and just aren't mentally retarded. Although this disorder is not very pleasant, its condition has improved over the time it was first introduced as a pervasive development disorder, and hopefully within the next fifty years a possible cause or cure will be developed for autism.Works

This is a project for my Intro to Pyschology class on anorexia nervosa.

1172 words - 5 pages and portioning food, and selecting a few foods and eating only those in small quantities (i.e. lettuce, crackers, and fruit).Affected Population- Anorexia has been considered as a disorder of upper- and middle-class white women - Current studies show members of both sexes, all races and all social classes affected- On average 0.5 to 4 percent of females suffer from anorexia in their lifetime- Disorder tends to begin during adolescence and early

Asthma and the Effects on African American Children Research Paper. This was for my BIO 301 Class I got a B+, but I wasn't trying that hard.

1864 words - 7 pages losing the ability to breathe…you look around for help, but you remember that you are sleeping alone in your bed… again you reach for your inhaler only to remember your inhaler was left in your book bag which is draped around the dining room chair…you knew this day might come and now it has. You wish you can shout for help…but you cannot.What is Asthma? And Symptoms of AsthmaAsthma is a respiratory disease that can affect

Nanotechnology. I wrote this for my American Literature class. The assignment was open-ended: to write a research paper on anything. I chose nanotechnology in general.

815 words - 3 pages these methods are not cost effective - although "This cost barrier is likely to be reached within the next ten years" (Tucker).         Many nanotechnologies are already being developed or designed, two of which I'll talk about here.         For years, scientists have tried to create a super hydrophobic - meaning something that repels water completely - material which exhibits the so-called "lotus effect," in which water cannot attach

Similar Essays

This Was A Research Project I Did For A Siminar Class. It Was Titled, "Paranormal Phenomenon: Fact Or Fiction."

1367 words - 5 pages of necromancy was set by the Roman writer, Lucian. He was visited by Sextus Pompey, the son of Pompey the Great" (Cohen 232). With this in mind, consulting the dead for purposes of foretelling the future does the act of necromancy. This activity is not to be done at home, for it is known as the most dangerous operation in magic (Cohen 232).On a much broader scale come paranormal related events such as déjà vu, telepathy, and

This Was A Research Project I Did For A Siminar Class. It Was Titled, "Paranormal Phenomenon: Fact Or Fiction."

1366 words - 5 pages of necromancy was set by the Roman writer, Lucian. He was visited by Sextus Pompey, the son of Pompey the Great" (Cohen 232). With this in mind, consulting the dead for purposes of foretelling the future does the act of necromancy. This activity is not to be done at home, for it is known as the most dangerous operation in magic (Cohen 232).On a much broader scale come paranormal related events such as déjà vu, telepathy, and

This Is A Paper That I Wrote For My Health Class. I Was Assigned The Topic Of Smallpox. I Did Very Well On This 5 Page Paper.

1281 words - 5 pages and 90% in America. During the 20th Century, there was recognized for the first time a milder form of smallpox called variola minor or alas trim. It had a consistently low mortality rate of the order of 1%. This disease was endemic in Britain until 1935. Still more recently there has been recognized a third form, named East African Smallpox, the mortality rate of which in unvaccinated subjects is about 5%. This has not been recognized as having

This Paper Was Written About The Us Army Special Forces Branch. It Was Written For A Military Science Class. A .

1295 words - 5 pages Fort Bragg. It was at this point, in the fall of 1961, that President Kennedy began to display particular interest in the Special Forces. His enthusiasm, based on his conviction that the Special Forces had great potential as a counterinsurgency force, led him to become a very powerful advocate for the development of the Special Forces program within the Army. President Kennedy himself made a visit to the Special Warfare Center in the fall of 1961 to