This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Smoke Serpents And The Malevolence Of Industrialization

1235 words - 5 pages

As the first stray hints of bright morning begin to peek over the urban horizon, ominous, shadowy trails of smoke erupt from the gray giants soon to be filled up with machines. Leaving behind embalming coats of soot and residue in every direction, the endlessly winding serpents indiscriminately constrict the breaths of the impoverished workers and devour fancy in their paths. Meanwhile, on a hill overlooking the town, the factory owner rests easily in a bulky red house bearing BOUNDERBY upon a brazen plate. Dickens’ depictions of Coketown in Hard Times embody the flaws and corruption that persist in the fictional, industrialized city. The political and economic systems in the story, modeled ...view middle of the document...

It becomes overwhelmingly clear that the only thing that Bounderby responds to or cares for is profit, and the narration exposes this in discussing the reason behind why he willingly overlooks the obvious harm that his factories cause: “so much material wrought up, so much fuel consumed, so many powers worn out, so much money made” (67). Just as Bounderby neglects the damages he deals in Coketown, the manufacturing proprietors and primary beneficiaries of the industrial revolution pay no mind to the problems they trigger in the changing world of the 19th century.

As a consequence of this wrongful nescience, the common laborers suffer ceaseless physical hardships at the hands of their employers. Living through lengthy work days beginning “before pale morning showed the monstrous serpents of smoke trailing themselves over Coketown” and working tirelessly with “crashing, smashing, [and] tearing” (51) machines and “the glare of light and heat”, the poorer members of the town fall victim to numerous injustices (60). In the same way that the sinister imagery of the “Serpent of many coils” proves omnipresent in the town, the smoke serves as a mark of the pervading treachery and injustices forced upon the poor (59). Young and old alike, these commoners invariably deteriorate and “[waste] with heat, [toiling] languidly in the desert” (83). Whether it’s the prolonged hours, the noxious fumes, or the treacherous equipment, the unfortunate abuse inflicted upon the factory laborers acts as a sound exemplar of the imperfect and miserable essence of the industrial movement.

In addition to such corporeal damages, the manifestations of Bounderby’s impenitence and lack of compassion, signified by the looming smoke serpents, result in the villainous psychological mistreatment of the common people. The laborers suffer through not only the “killing airs and gases” in the confined rooms of the factory but also the callous manipulation of their supposed superiors (47). In the marauding eyes of the wealthy, the lower class workers are useful for nothing more than slaving in front of hot, unsound machines to produce goods and are thus worth no more than the hands that operate the machines; in fact, they are referred to as “the Hands” (47). The Hands are depicted as “quiet servants, with the composed faces and the regulated actions”, for the powers of industrialism have repressed their naturally wandering thoughts and dreams in favor of systematic compliance and efficient production (52). Consequently, most of the Hands have lost their will and ability to imagine and wish for better; those that have not are quickly forced into orderly conformity by preeminent sentiments of futility. Bounderby calls forth these feelings of uselessness when he says to Stephen Blackpool, “‘The...

Find Another Essay On Smoke Serpents and the Malevolence of Industrialization

The Tramp and the Industrialization Essay

1671 words - 7 pages , the factory, and the feeding machine, which represent the industrial revolution in the 20th century. Furthermore, using Ideological criticism, we can recognize that Charlie Chaplin use those symbols to construct his criticism on the industrialization. One of the most iconic representations of the working class in the twenties century is the Tramps – Charlie Chaplin’ friction character. Chaplin used the Tramps to reflect the truth about the

The positive and negative effects of Russian Industrialization

526 words - 2 pages Industrialization has been a key factor in the development of nations worldwide. Like every movement, industrialization is followed by both positive and negative effects. The industrialization of Russia was no exception to this theory.In 1861, under the rule of Alexander II, Russia moved into an active period of social and political reform that established the base for industrialization. It wasn't until the 1890's that Russia finally entered the

The Industrialization and Social Developments of Hong Kong

1748 words - 7 pages The industrialization and social developments in Hong Kong are dated back during the British imperial rule when they started introducing various policies that revolutionized industrialization and social developments in the country. The influence of the British on China dates back the 18th century, when the British traders started enforcing a relaxation of trade policies and practices that were adopted by the Chinese government. This culminated

Industrialization and the Rise of Corporations, 1860-1900

979 words - 4 pages The closing decades of nineteenth century witnessed a dramatic change which affected all aspects of American life; central to this change was the emergence of giant industrial corporations that differed from earlier enterprises in many ways, at the internal level: on how they were financed, structured, and managed, and on the external level: the consequences of this industrialization on the larger American society

Benefits and Issues of Industrialization

995 words - 4 pages Many changes were made to society because of industrialization. Productivity increased because machines were created to produce certain goods. Industrialization helped bring about innovation in many countries, worldwide trade increased and innovation rose. However, conditions in the factories were awful and children were exploited. Prices were so low because of the abundance of goods that many artisans went into poverty. Industrialization had

What are the Social, Political, and Economic Impacts of Industrialization?

687 words - 3 pages . There were more job opportunities and families could communicate with relatives farther away. Railroads allowed people to travel farther and more efficiently. Even though it seems like industrialization had a positive impact socially, there were many negative aspects. Small businesses were going out of business and other available work was horrible. Workers were mistreated and underpaid, but in order to fight the power, they formed unions. There

Industrialization, Economics, and the Environment

1938 words - 8 pages these attitudes and actions which support this system is not insignificant, and is the key which will decide how the future plays out. What is industrialization? defines industrialism as, "An economic and social system based on the development of large-scale industries and marked by the production of large quantities of inexpensive manufactured goods and the concentration of employment in urban factories". This definition

Industrialization and the American Mind

1645 words - 7 pages and immigrants flocked to the cities in search of jobs, wealth, and new opportunities. Fueled by urbanization and immigration, the process industrialization in post-Civil War America relied upon poverty and a declining sense of intrinsic value within the work force for its success. Nevertheless, America, while rapidly losing its rural roots during the late nineteenth century, was moving further away from Thomas Jefferson’s vision of a yeoman

Industrialization: The Pro's and Con's

1536 words - 6 pages in a shorter period of time, less people were needed to work in agriculture so people moved to cities where there were factories with other job opportunities. Even though there were good and bad developments during the Industrial Revolution, it will always be one of the most important parts of history.One immediate benefit because of industrialization was that people made more money. In the beginning of the industrial revolution, people made

The Social Impact of Industrialization

1549 words - 6 pages "It was a town of red brick, or of brick that would have been red if the smoke and ashes had allowed it; but as matters stood it was a town of unnatural red and black like the painted face over which interminable serpents of smoke trailed themselves for ever and ever, and never got uncoiled. It had a black canal in it, and a river that ran purple with ill-smelling dye, and vast piles of buildings full of windows where there was rattling and a

The Social Impact of Industrialization

1549 words - 6 pages "It was a town of red brick, or of brick that would have been red if the smoke and ashes had allowed it; but as matters stood it was a town of unnatural red and black like the painted face over which interminable serpents of smoke trailed themselves for ever and ever, and never got uncoiled. It had a black canal in it, and a river that ran purple with ill-smelling dye, and vast piles of buildings full of windows where there was rattling and a

Similar Essays

The Death Of Innocence And The Birth Of Malevolence

1026 words - 4 pages In The Picture of Dorian Gray, Oscar Wilde introduces Dorian Gray as a mysterious and beautiful young man. He has no opinion and is very similar to a ball of clay, in the sense that he has no opinion and is free to be molded by whoever takes interest in him. Basil and Lord Henry both take interest in the young man. While both praise his physical beauty, Lord Henry wants to turn him into a hedonist minion. He convinces Dorian that he is a perfect

The Industrialization Of Manchester Essay

1102 words - 5 pages Industrialization, or the process of developing and increasing the production of various industries, has been a highly controversial subject since its beginning in the mid-eighteenth century. Hated by the romantics and loved by the economists, industrialization was a necessary step from the past into the present. In addition to adding jobs to the market and proving that population could undergo exponential growth, industrialization caused a boom

The Impact Of Industrialization Essay

593 words - 3 pages Industrialization describes the process through which a country or society transforms itself from an agricultural society into a manufacturing one. This was a time of great economic, technological, and social changes that started first in Great Britain after 1750, and throughout Europe. Industrialization continues today in developing states. During the period of 1750 to 1900, Industrialization had a major impact on changes in the social

Overpopulation, Industrialization, And The Degradation Of The Environment

924 words - 4 pages Overpopulation, Industrialization, and the Degradation of the Environment The overall growth of the human population in the last 2000 years has been a J-shaped growth. This can also be expressed as an exponential growth. A big question that can only be answered in time is how this population growth will slow down or stop. The planet can only handle so many humans before the effects of overpopulation send the environment into an