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Smoking Essay

716 words - 3 pages

Tobacco Smoking Many Americans today are smoking willingly, disregarding the consequences. But what are the consequences and its outcome? Well the outcome is very deadly. Every year over 40,000 Americans die from smoke related causes. The most significant health hazards that tobacco-smoking produces are heart diseases, lung cancer, emphysema, and complication in pregnancy.The use of tobacco increases the heart rate 10 to 20 beat per minute, and it constricts the blood vessels causing an increase in blood pressure. Close to 75 percent of coronary heart disease cases are due to cigarette smoking. Within that 75 percent, about 24 percent or 120,000 of those patients die annually. Compared to nonsmokers, smokers in their thirties and forties have a heart attack rate that is five times higher. The more a person smokes the higher chance they will have of experiencing a heart attack and developing coronary heart disease.As a result of smoking tobacco, ...view middle of the document...

Smoking mentholated cigarettes has a even greater risk of developing lung cancer in males, but not in females. "Cigarette tar found in the lungs of smokers can cause DNA damage that is particularly difficult for the cell to repair."(http//heatlh.excite.com/content/dmk/dmk_article_40081). Lung cancer is now one of the most common cancers found around the world.Emphysema is a lung disease that involves damaged air sacs. The lung loses its elasticity causing the lungs to expand and contract less. As a result the air sacs are unable to completely deflate causing the lungs to get less fresh air for adequate ventilation. Damaged air sac is irreversible and results in permanent holes in the tissues of the lower lungs. Shortness of breath and coughing indicates the early symptoms of emphysema. Tobacco smoking is responsible for about 82 percent of emphysema cases. The pollutants found in tobacco smoke causes the release of chemicals within the air sacs of the lungs that damage the walls of the air sacs. By cutting down on smoking, smokers can decrease the progression of emphysema.Smoking by a pregnant woman increases the risk of miscarriage, premature birth, low birth weight, and death of the newborn. The foliate levels, a vitamin that is important for preventing birth defects is reduced when a pregnant woman decides to smoke a cigarette. According to experts, women who smoke may pass genetic mutations that increase cancer risks to their unborn babies. Women who quit before becoming pregnant or during the first trimester can reduce the risk for a low birth weight baby.In conclusion, tobacco smoking is a lethal drug that can kill humans in a variety of ways. Smokers need to acknowledge the fact that many Americans are dying today from smoke related causes and they need to do something about it before they become a statistic. Help in quitting smoking is available everywhere, at the store (Nicotine patches) or call any health care provider, but most smokers are stubborn. Many smokers have different reasons to why they smoke, but are the consequences and its outcome worth it?

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