At the present, the phenomenon of people smuggling is a vital issue in the globalization. The impact of smuggling in people is not restricted in one country but it causes a variety of impacts. Most developed countries often suffering from the issue of people smuggling For example, in 2001, around 43,000 illegal migrants from both Pakistanis and Afghans resided in the UK, US economy has suffered from the rising number of illegal migrants from Mexican approximately 11 million during 2006. Moreover, people smuggling not only provide a matter of illegal migrant but also it leads to the link between smuggling and serious crime as dual crimes such as in 2000, international organized crime group was captured with the charge of drug trafficking and making false visas, Dutch police believed that those visas would facilitate drug traffickers to enter other countries illegally.
Further, a wide impact of people smuggling gives a difficult task for internationalization to cope with people smuggling efficiently. It is necessary to understand and adapt the definition of people smuggling which is defined under the Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air states that “The Procurement, in order to obtain, directly or indirectly a financial or other material benefit, of the illegal entry of a person into a state Party of which the person is not a national or a permanent resident.” It can be explained that the process of people smuggling is often appeared with the meaning of ‘illegal migrants’ via the main two components; ‘asylum seekers’ and ‘refugees’, because of these two groups play a significant role in globalization over 16 millions combining with 15.2 refugees and 983,000 asylum seekers at the end of 2009. Furthermore, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) states that there are more than 2.5 million places are accessible but only 79,000 refugees are accepted to be resettled each year (only one percent).
According to a high demand in resettlement, smuggling process is exploited to support and facilitate people who seeks and willing to move to other countries such as Australia, US and UK. Therefore, the combat against people smuggling is need to be taken from the cooperation among nations. In this essay will describe the phenomenon of people smuggling in three aspects; the measures against people smuggling which have been taken at the global, Asia-Pacific regional and national levels; Australia’s response to people smuggling combining with the criminal justice cooperation mechanisms addressed in Australia’s prosecution as the mutual investigation and sharing information; and the difficulties in prosecuting from those smuggling cases as the matter of extradition treaty which causes a delay in prosecution smugglers.
The Combat Against People Smuggling
Firstly, it is mentioned above that the phenomenon of people smuggling causes a tremendous impact to the globalization. There are several measures that...