How Does Beckett Introduce The Central Concerns And Techniques In The Opening Of The Play?

1234 words - 5 pages

How does Beckett introduce the central concerns and techniques in the opening of the play?Samuel Beckett's 'Endgame' is a play which forces the audience to become aware of the meaningless of life and the tragic way in which humans try to survive. Through use of setting, character and stage directions, Beckett aptly introduces the central concerns of the play.Beckett's use of staging introduces the central concerns of death and the dependency that people have on others. The stage is introduced as having a "bare interior" with a "grey light" and "high up, two small windows". This presents an image of a skull which directly conveys the theme of death whereas the "grey" indicates that the characters are neither black nor white, which traditionally represents death and purity. This links to further on in the play when Clov is looking out the window and again describes the scenery as "grey" and "Light black. From pole to pole." This suggests the play is set in a barren wasteland, where the characters are struggling with the decision to live or die and thus, are left in a "grey" area. In addition, the "bare" stage symbolises the emptiness of life and is a parody of traditional theatre which connotes to the audience that this play is unlike others. This image also gives the play a bleak and moribund atmosphere, in which everything is close to death and extinction and the characters are condemned to die. To further this image, after Clov has looked outside the windows, he describes the view as "zero" to Hamm. This indicates the environment is static and the world is stranded between light and dark. Furthermore, Beckett uses two of each prop such as two "old sheets", "two ashbins" and two characters- Hamm and Clov. This introduces one of the central concerns of the play, the dependency that people have on others and their complementary figures. This serves to accurately represent Hamm and Clov's relationship as they are both physically dependent on each other. Clov is consistently saying to Hamm "I'll leave you", yet without fail he returns to Hamm's side when demanded.Through use of stage directions, Beckett fittingly introduces the themes of tragicomedy and the repetitive, meaningless nature of life. Throughout 'Endgame' the characters continue to do repetitive, inane actions to waste time and show to the audience that their life is meaningless. In the beginning of the play Clov continually "looks up at window left" or "looks up at window right" in a large passage of stage directions to immediately introduce the cyclical nature of life. This can also serve to represent the Theatre of the Absurd as Clov's actions easily show the audience this theme while language loses its meaning. This is furthered by the recurrence of "pause" particularly in the beginning of the play. It highlights the painful wait that the characters endure and they look for death yet are too scared to die. Moreover, in the very beginning of the play, Clov is "motionless by the door,...

Find Another Essay On How does Beckett introduce the central concerns and techniques in the opening of the play?

Discuss the various techniques John Misto's uses to present the central themes within his play 'The Shoe Horn Sonata'

1053 words - 4 pages John Misto's play 'The Shoe Horn Sonata' is attributed to those Australian women who were incinerated in Japanese prisoner of war camps during the war. In his play, Misto conveys a sense of survival during the hardships of the war, their tenacity of their willingness to survive through secrecy and truth and the bands of their friendship that have endured. It uses a number of dramatic techniques to convey these ideas to his audience.Throughout

How does Dickens Engage the Reader in the Opening Five Chapters of Great Expectations?

2197 words - 9 pages Charles Dickens was and still is a very popular and influential author. He was born almost 200 years ago and his stories were often based on the lives of the unfortunate in the 19th century in Britain. He created a great variety of characters and settings to produce work that is still adored today. But why was his work, I am especially focussing on Great Expectations, so engaging and how did the opening five chapters of Great Expectations

The Opening Speech of Richard III in William Shakespeare's Play

1062 words - 4 pages The Opening Speech of Richard III in William Shakespeare's Play Richard III is a historical play and we are drawn to this factor from Richard's speech at the opening of the play. Shakespeare uses Richard's character as his main device for setting the scene. As it is a play the audience would see Richard entering on a bare stage and this alone would leave an effect of them which would soon be reinforced by the speech

"An Inspector Calls": How does Priestly introduce the theme of responsibility to the audience in Act 1 of An Inspector calls?

1682 words - 7 pages example to the world by a moral act of nuclear disarmament. These ideas are reflected in the play especially through inspector Goole’s character who I believe priestly created to influence his view through the character.Paragraph 2Birlings speech and the inspector’s speech both show a totally different few on how to behave and treat people in society. Birling’s opening speech is about his impending knighthood and about how "a man has

How Effectively does Orwell Introduce the reader to the New Society of 1984, in Chapter One of Novel? George Orwell 1984

894 words - 4 pages then tells the reader of the helicopters that were "snooping around" outside people's windows, but he then goes further by saying that "the patrols did not matter, only the Thought Police mattered." This makes you wonder does the name sum up what this organization really are if so, how is the party able to find out people's thoughts? And is it a crime to think something in this new society? Winston is affected by the telescreen because it

How do Beckett and Kafka convey the imprisonment of the main characters in Waiting for Godot and Metamorphosis ?

1434 words - 6 pages How do Beckett and Kafka convey the imprisonment of the main characters in Waiting for Godot and Metamorphosis ?In relation to the works Waiting for Godot and Metamorphosis, imprisonment can either be collective imprisonment or personal imprisonment. In both cases, it includes the restriction of personal freedom, the limitation of action and the deprivation of human contact. My objective is to investigate in what ways Beckett and Kafka convey

How does the tension between traditional and modern views of the world play itself out in Achebe's and Desai's novels?

899 words - 4 pages the village and boasted openly that all the gods were dead and impotent' They were beaten severely. With the coming of government the Christians gained power and shook the faith of the old ways. I believe the book pivots on this statement:'Does the white man understand our custom about land? How can he when he does not even speak our tongue? But he says that our customs are bad. How do you think we can fight when our own bothers have turned

How does Ibsen exploit dramatic techniques to explore the themes of repression and secrecy?

1474 words - 6 pages Untitled by Charis Ow English- SL Mr D. Minford How does Ibsen exploit dramatic techniques to explore the themes of repression and secrecy? In Hedda Gabler, playwright Henkrik Ibsen successfully exploits various dramatic techniques to present the themes of repression and secrecy through his effective stage directions and dialogues without even having the need to employ the technique of narration and soliloquies

How does Shakespeare create comic effect in the first part of the play?

858 words - 3 pages Comedy in Twelfth NightHenry Eshel 1ES2How does Shakespeare create comic effect in the first part of the play?Twelfth Night is a comedy by Shakespeare. It is also known as "What You Will", which prepares the audience for a jovial atmosphere, consisting of drink, dance, and giving in to general self-indulgence. Often said to be one of Shakespeare's more 'mature' comedies, it would be interesting to see just how he creates this comic effect in the

How does Hemingway use literary techniques to create a sense of ambiguity in the reader in "Cat in the Rain"?

715 words - 3 pages Hemingway uses a variety of literary techniques to produce a sense of ambiguity in the reader in “Cat in the Rain”. He starts by using rain to evoke feelings such as melancholy and emptiness in the reader. He then uses techniques such as characterization, repetition and symbolisms to express feelings in the characters and to further develop the text. Through her actions and words, we may find that the American wife is probably the most

How Athol Fugard Presents Personal and Political Conflict in the Opening Scene of The Island

849 words - 3 pages How Athol Fugard Presents Personal and Political Conflict in the Opening Scene of The Island Athol fugard presents the opening scene in a number of ways. The play is all about contrasts in personal and political conflict. The Island was written by Fugard to show the situation between whites and blacks in South Africa. When the play was first preformed it was more like a political play, but audiences see it as based more on

Similar Essays

How Does The First Chapter Introduce Us To The Main Themes And Central Concerns In 'pride And Prejudice'?

1555 words - 6 pages one. Women were a much lower status than men and it was practically impossible for women to live alone back in the early 19th century. We learn this from the opening chapter as we are shown Mrs Bennet's increasing excitement at the arrival of a new neighbour; a rich, handsome, single man who is Mr Bingley. Throughout the rest of the novel, we are constantly reminded of the importance of social class and wealth. Elizabeth gradually accepts the

What Contribution Does Cassio Make To The Concerns And Effects Of The Play 'othello'?

987 words - 4 pages Shakespeare presents Cassio as a balanced character, essentially honest and trustworthy, who, although he does have some weaknesses, he has weaknesses which are understandable and not in the extreme, thus contributing to the concerns and effects of weaknesses in Othello. He also provides a contrast to Iago, who seems to delight in evil, shown through the contrast of language between Iago and Cassio, which reflects their differences in social

How Does Baz Luhrmann Make Shakespeare's Play Fresh And Appealing To A Contemporary Audience? (Analyse The Opening Scene In Your Response)

1697 words - 7 pages the Elizabethan directors could not use. In the opening scene a number of central themes become apparent these include the violent feud and growing hatred, religion and media and its role in a society, foresight and impetuousness, the role of parents and children, and finally immaturity as opposed to maturity. To emphasize these ideas, Luhrmann uses film techniques such as camera angles, props, lighting and audio as well as the original dialogue

To What Extent Does The Opening Scene Create A Menacing Effect On The Remainder Of The Play

1154 words - 5 pages displayed to the audience in the exposition to the play, Act one, Scene one. This harrowing atmosphere is reflected throughout the remainder of the play. The opening scene in particular has prepared the audience for the intense violence and the extent of inner turmoil which will be unveiled in the key incidents in the play.Act One, Scene One is the exposition of the play and is one of the most important key scenes of the play. It is a long and