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How Does The Concept Of Sovereignty Work Different

2068 words - 8 pages

How does the concept of sovereignty work differently in different concepts? Martin Weber described state sovereignty as ?contestable because the boundaries of the communities it involves are fluid, permeable and unstable.? Changing with the ?fluid? states it is applied to sovereignty is clearly a developing term which can be viewed in a variety of different contexts. Seeing sovereign power through the celestial empires of Rome and China, this concept of ?supreme authority? is constantly historically developing from resting on the ecclesiastical and king through to the state. In 1648 the Westphalia treaties not only shifted sovereign power from the king to state, but also developed the concept of independent sovereign power into that as part of a system of nation states. Similarly the French Revolution highlighted the transformation of sovereign power into the hands of the people themselves. With the rise of globalisation across the modern period, economic internationalisation through trans national corporations, showed sovereign power now viewed against the rise of economic, political and social internationalisation. With states losing economic, political and social independence, sovereignty of independent states has not been lost but has merely secured and adapted in light of a changing political environment. Can sovereignty be applied differently in different concepts simply because it applies to states within a historical time which in themselves are developing? Sovereignty is described as absolute and unrestrained power. In the early medieval and Roman periods, this power was exerted through a single global political system. Unaware of each other?s existence the celestial empires of China and Rome saw sovereignty under an emperor who represented the highest world order directly under heaven. These empires saw themselves not as nation states but as civilisations, where sovereign power was not only political and legal but celestial and cosmic. The Chinese world order was both politically and spiritually centralised, with sovereign power resting in the hand of an emperor undisputed under God, ruling over what was thought to be the whole of humanity. Similarly through the medieval period, central rule was enforced under the ideal of a united Christendom. With the pope as a spiritual leader, authority was firmly vested within the state under centralised rule. Power rested within the state with ?absolute authority of the monarch within his realm limited only by the laws of God and nature.? Under the divine right of kings states possessed both internal and external independence over affairs with power both legally and authoritatively. Sovereignty was not limited in relation to a global system but allowed independence in what was a world of independent and isolated empires.This medieval conception of order was clearly misconceived. With growing populations and increasing contact with those outside the territorial boundaries of the state, the idea of...

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