Soap And Detergent. Essay

715 words - 3 pages

Many people are confused about the difference between soap and detergent. Soaps and detergents are not the same thing, although both are surfactants, or surface active agents, which basically means a washing compound that mixes with grease and water. Soaps are made of materials found in nature. Detergents are synthetic (although some of the ingredients are natural); they were developed during World War II when oils to make soap were scarce. There is little doubt that soap is better for your health and the environment than detergents. Detergents are very toxic to fish and wildlife. Nonetheless, a big drawback of washing with soap is that the minerals in water react with those in soap, leaving an insoluble film. This can turn clothes grayish, and the film can leave a residue (such as is found on shower walls, for example).Detergent is the active cleaning ingredient in washing powders, soaps, and some other cleaning materials. Detergents are substances composed of long-chain molecules (see appendix 1 for diagram): one end of the molecule is hydrophilic (water-soluble), the other is hydrophobic (soluble in organic solvents). Grease, which is insoluble in water, is rendered soluble by the detergent because the hydrophobic parts of detergent molecules bury themselves in the grease particle and thereby cover its surface with hydrophilic groups, which are soluble in water (see appendix 2 for diagram). Provided the grease particle is not too large, it will be held in solution as if dissolved. Agitating the washing water breaks down the grease particles to a size that can be held in solution. There are two common types of detergent: soaps, which are manufactured from animal fats or vegetable oils; and soap less (synthetic) detergents, which are petrochemicals. The production of synthetic detergent involves several stages, each requiring a catalyst. Many synthetic detergents are sodium salts of sulphonic acids, and the principal advantage that they have over soaps is that their cleaning power is not affected by hard water, or water which is high in minerals. The first synthetic detergents were not...

Find Another Essay On Soap and detergent.

Car Wash Essay

817 words - 3 pages off the car. This towel needs to be lint free and very absorbent. Although a towel is adequate, you can purchase a leather chamois, which works the best, but are expensive. Now that you know what you have to purchase, go to your local automotive store to get the rest. You will need automotive type soap. It is important that the soap is designed for a car ‘s finish. Regular dish soap or detergent will not work. These soaps will strip the wax

Washing Machine Essay

893 words - 4 pages the house without worrying about the washing. Some cities have different tariffs at different times so one can program the machine to start working at the time when the tariff is lower. One limitation that the washing machine is that it needs a lot more water compared to hand washing and expensive detergent compared to a bar soap needed for hand washing. It also consumes a lot of electricity. It is also a lot more expensive because of all

Should a water softener be used in everyones houses?

649 words - 3 pages through the clog, which will result in more pressure on the water and damage to the pipe which means that more money will be spent on house maintenance. Secondly, hard water requires a lot more soap for any cleaning purposes (dishes, hair etc.) because the minerals in hard water do not have a strong chemical reaction with the fatty acids in soap and instead of lather, a little scrum is produced (a t. Large amounts of soap will be

Prompt: Antibacterial products worsen the problem of resistant bacteria.

691 words - 3 pages visiting a friend's townhouse, I noticed how there were two bottles of liquid soap next to the sink: an antibacterial dishwashing liquid and an antibacterial handsoap. They also had antibacterial laundry detergent and cleaning supplies. It seems that there are so many types of antibacterial products in the consumer market. Dr. Eli Perencevich conducted a survey and "found that 76 percent of 395 liquid soaps and 29 percent of 733 bar soaps- 45

Arctic Power Case Study

2877 words - 12 pages Arctic Power Case Study CURRENT SITUATION It is the summer of 1987. Arctic Power laundry detergent has contracted with the consulting firm of Smith and Jones, LTD to assist Arctic Power in determining their strategic direction and their product positioning. BACKGROUND AND HISTORY Arctic Power, a laundry detergent specially formulated to clean in cold water, is part of Colgate-Palmolive Canada family of products. Colgate-Palmolive Canada is

air pollution

1008 words - 4 pages toilet away from the water source making a proper sewage system and reducing the use of chemical detergent by switching to organic soap. Cleaning the river and its surroundingsKeep our village clean Put the garbage here. organic soap: soap made by natural ingredients Practicing organic farming and using fewer agricultural chemicals Making ash from organic waste to make compost A little effort in our daily life can keep our water safe and clean

WHAT IS FOUND IN MY HOME?

1755 words - 7 pages than 75,000 registered chemicals have gone through complete testing for human health concerns (reduce.org). The Consumer Protection Agency estimates that 150 chemicals found in the home are connected to allergies, birth defects, cancer and psychological disorders. In our laundry rooms, for instance, we can find some of these solutions. These solutions include laundry detergent, all purpose cleaners, and bleach. Laundry detergent for instance

Observation of The Pub

781 words - 3 pages washers. On the back wall there is a detergent vending machine called “The Soap Stop” that dispenses many different kinds of detergent and fabric softeners. Beside “The Soap Stop” is change machine that is black with a big green money symbol on it. There are two wooden doors in the back of the room. One is labeled with the word women in black lettering and the other labeled men. On the wall to the right are fourteen

Butanol

863 words - 3 pages affect liver and kidneys. Estimated lethal dose is 3-7 ounces. To treat, drink large amounts of water, induce vomiting and seek medical attention.Skin contact - mild irritation and may cause allergic reaction. Extended exposure results in drying and cracking of skin. To treat, remove contaminated clothing, wash skin with soap or mild detergent and water for at least 15 minutes. Wash clothes before reuse.Eye contact - vapours can irritate the eyes. If

Rabies Virus

636 words - 3 pages recently infected would include washing the wound with soap, detergent, and water. Then an anti-rabies serum can be administered to humans. Alternative to the serum, an effective and intensive treatment after infection can be obtained through the use of a killed virus vaccine, because of the unusually long incubation period. The vaccine, a Human Diploid Cell Vaccine (HDCV) is grown in human fibroblasts (the principal nonmotile cells of

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)

1441 words - 6 pages chance of acquiring MRSA. Patients who are going through kidney dialysis or using venous catheters or prosthetics are also at an increased chance. It’s more commonly seen in the elderly and people who are immunocompromised or who have had long term illnesses. Methods of Control The best defense against preventing MRSA is to have good hygiene. Keep hands clean by washing very thoroughly with soap and water, then dry and use a disposable towel

Similar Essays

The Tolerance Level Of Grey Water In Tomato Plants

1410 words - 6 pages /gardening/stories/s1366316.htm> Detergent are defined as "a cleansing substance that acts similarly to soap but is made from chemical compounds rather than fats and lye" (The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language). Modern detergents contain a chemical called a surfactant which can cause water and soil pollution and is quite harmful to plants. An average Australian house can produce about 400 litres of grey water a day. This water may

Rin Vs Tide Essay

1379 words - 6 pages A Project Report onDeterjent & Satisfaction Survey of Nirma Ltd.HISTORY OF DETERGENT-The earliest detergent substance was undoubtedly water; after that, oils, abrasives such as wet sand, and wet clay. The oldest known detergent for wool-washing is stale (putrescent) urine. For the history of soap, see the entry thereon. Other detergent surfactants came from saponinsand ox bile.The detergent effects of certain synthetic surfactants were noted

Antibacterial Soap Essay

1256 words - 5 pages studies conducted to expose the problems associated with antibacterial soaps The Soap and Detergent Association (SDA) and the Cosmetic, Toiletry, and Fragrance Association (CTFA) have tried to convince consumers that antibacterial soaps are not to blame for stronger strands of bacteria(2). They claim that antibiotic is to blame for the problems. The CTFA and SDA tell "consumers [they] should continue to use antibacterial personal care/cleaning products

Marketing Planning. Essay

2907 words - 12 pages capita consumption ). Per capita consumption of fabric wash products in India is just 3.2 kg, which is very low compared to developed and some developing countries.The Fabric Wash Industry is divided into:- Laundry Soaps- Synthetic Detergent Cake & PowderThe total production of Synthetic Detergents, Cakes & Bars in 1996 as per the Indian Soap & Toiletries Maker's Association, Mumbai (ISTMA) was 2.2 million tones.COMPANY PROFILEHINDUSTAN