This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

S Ocial And Economic Development: Inclusion And Inclusive Education

1168 words - 5 pages

INCLUSION: A BIRTHRIGHT
Education is the most important factor in any country’s social and economic development. It builds human capital by producing informed and productive citizens. Education creates opportunities for marginalized and socioeconomically disadvantaged communities to become better adjusted and productive citizens.
People with disabilities are still at a severe disadvantage in terms of accessing education in many parts of the world, especially in Pakistan. World Health Organization (WHO, 1981) indicates that 10 percent of the population has some sort of disability, such as visual impairment, hearing impairment, mental retardation, physical disability, learning disability or ...view middle of the document...

39).
ADVANTAGES OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION
Inclusive education is beneficial because it teaches a person with disability how to function in society. It's also beneficial for the peers and the adults they interact with helping them realize that people with disabilities are capable of successfully accomplishing many things. Inclusive education improves the school environment for everyone. Staff skills increase, teaching methods become more flexible, and more use is made of peer tutoring and small group work. Students become involved in both teaching and learning.
CHALLENGES OF INCLUSION
Attitudes are the greatest barrier or the greatest asset to the development of inclusion in education. The principle of an inclusive education system in which tolerance, diversity and equity is striven for may be uncontested; however, the way in which we achieve this is much more challenging. The existing education system in Pakistan is not strong enough to support inclusion yet.
Some of the main challenges to inclusive education programs in Pakistan are the following:
• Negative attitudes of parents, teachers, politicians, services providers and community members towards children with disabilities
• Lack of parental awareness about children with disabilities and their potential
• Accessibility of school buildings, classrooms toilets, playground and transport
• Biases in the curriculum, assessment, and examination system
• Limited financial resources
• Inadequate support system including insufficient trained and qualified professionals, medical and paramedical staff
• Lack of continuous follow-up and monitoring of activities
• Lack of coordination between stakeholders to share experiences and provide support for implementation of inclusive education in letter and spirit.
INTEGRATION: A BRIDGE BETWEEN INCLUSION & SEGREGATION
Integrated classrooms might be considered a happy medium between segregated and inclusive educational settings; that is, students with disabilities spend some time with mainstream students but part of the day is still spent in special educational settings (i.e., segregated environments).
A WORKING MODEL
Integrated, or “less than full inclusion”, programs could be considered as having the strengths of segregated programs but not the weaknesses. That is, students with disabilities still have the expertise and individualized attention of the special education teacher for part of their school day but they don’t experience the marginalization of being in a segregated setting full-time.
The Warnock Report (1978) described three levels of integration:
“Locational integration
• Where special units are set up in ordinary schools.
• Where a special school and an ordinary school share the same site.
Social integration
• Where children attending a special class or unit eat, play and consort with other children and possibly share out-of-class activities with them....

Find Another Essay On SOcial and Economic Development: Inclusion and Inclusive Education

The Decline of Education: Social and Economic Inequality

1192 words - 5 pages large impact on our educational system. Usually, the social class determines the caliber of education that the children receive. This is quite apparent in some aspects; for example, the wealthy have easy access to private schools and more prestigious colleges, better tutors, more attention, and more free time, making schooling easier for the wealthy of this country. Yet another problem is shown, and this is the unequally divided attention

Economic Growth and Development Essay

820 words - 3 pages system. Development is a process of improving the quality of all human lives with three equally important aspects. These are: 1. Raising peoples’ living levels, i.e. incomes and consumption, levels of food, medical services, education through relevant growth processes. 2. Creating conditions conducive to the growth of peoples’ self esteem through the establishment of social, political and economic systems and institutions

Economic Growth and Development

1354 words - 5 pages 1)Distinguish between economic growth and economic development.Economic growth is a measure of a county’s productivity and the total combined income of that country. Economic development is a measure of how developed a country is i.e. people’s standard of living. For economic development to occur, economic growth also is needed but economic development is not needed for economic growth to occur.BasisEconomic DevelomentEconomic

Community and Economic Development

2039 words - 8 pages Using Community and Economic Development to Promote Growth The recent financial crisis is considered by many economists to be the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s. It was caused by the housing bubble that disguised risk and had other various enabling conditions that resulted from bank deregulation. From these circumstances, many cities like Detroit saw a sharp increase in foreclosures and abandoned housing which

Global Financial Development Report 2014: Financial Inclusion and Financial Exclusion

1157 words - 5 pages In the first chapter of the report (Global Financial Development Report 2014) the main focus is on Financial Inclusion and Financial Exclusion. The chapter is describing that financial systems provide different type of financial services to the individuals and firms. The basic purpose of the report is that what the main role of financial inclusion on economic development. If there is an absence of financial inclusion in the economy it causes

Income Inequality and Economic Development

2978 words - 12 pages of Asia most populous countries -India, China, Bangladesh and Indonesia- have seen income inequality gone up since 1990s (Asian Development Bank, 2012). This is a bigger issue for developing countries as effects of inequality can have major implications on economic development. Developing countries around the world have an objective of increasing income levels or GDP, reducing poverty and increasing living standards measured by social indicators

Kosovo: Education and Economic Growth

1620 words - 6 pages argumentation however, it is important to define both education and economic development in the context of their relation to clarify the standards used to draw the final conclusion of the essay. Many dictionaries define education as the process of gaining knowledge and economic development as the social and technological reformations taking place in a country’s economy . The combination of these two definitions gives the output of a positive multiplier

Economic Geography and Regional Development

1820 words - 7 pages attention of many in the past and has generated enormous amounts of literature. Most theories have sought the help of ‘economic geography’ and its diversity to explain such incomes differences. We shall try and look at some of these explanations in the context of regional development. An attempt to explain regional differences takes us back to the early 1900’s when sub-national and regional issues began to assume greater importance . Historically, the

Economic Globalization and Organization Development

1172 words - 5 pages Globalization of the economy refers to the integration of the world economies whereby economies in the world are become more interdependence. This economic development is being achieved through cross-border movement of capital, services, goods, and technology. This trend is believed by many to be irreversible and economies will continue depending on one another. One of prominent economists who believe economic globalization cannot be reversed is

Economic Development and Eminent Domain

658 words - 3 pages support were the properties involved in the dispute. Kelo v. City of New London, 545 U.S. 469, 494(2005). After a seven-day bench trial, the Superior Court upheld some of the takings, parcel 3, and overturned the others, parcel 4A, which led both parties to appeal to the Connecticut Supreme Court. The Connecticut Supreme Court upheld all of the takings on the grounds that they were rationally necessary to complete the plan's economic development

Humanistic and Social Development

1256 words - 5 pages The humanistic and social development curriculums are both excellent ways to design a physical education class. The humanistic approach focuses on helping students reach their maximum potential. This approach believes learning is viewed as a personal act to fulfill one’s potential. On the other hand, the social development curriculum is designed for students to interact with peers to develop in a positive way. Social development is the process

Similar Essays

Inclusion And Inclusive Practices In Education

1424 words - 6 pages and Engagement. 2nd ed. Melbourne: Hyde, Carpenter and Conway, pp. 5-7. Ministerial Advisory Committee. (2005). Social Inclusion in South Australian Preschools and Schools. Adelaide: Jo Shearer and Luisa Pirone, p. 10 Lord, K., Macneil, A. & Relkoff, A. (2010). Best Practices in Inclusive Education. [report] pp. 10-12. Hyde, M. (n.d.). (2010). Inclusive Education: The Way to the Future. In: Anderson, C., Carpenter, L. & Conway, R. eds. Diversity

Relationship Between Human Capital, Education, Health And The Economic Development

3248 words - 13 pages Relationship between Human Capital, Education, Health and the Economic DevelopmentIntroductionThe economic growth in general terms has three objectives which are economic development; social equity, and environmental conservation. Economic development means the well being of the people and elimination of poverty. The social equality contains access to basic needs such as health, education; human security and rights; gender equity; and

Multicultural And Inclusion Education Essay

1485 words - 6 pages , education. However, most important is that in my teaching goals include a multicultural education to help students to understand our unique differences, an inclusion for all students no matter which their race, color, or disabilities are, and cultural diversity in order to create a caring, accepting and tolerant classroom atmosphere. Why a multicultural and inclusion education? The Fourteenth Amendment of the U.S. constitution proclaims that

Economic Development And Irish Social Policy

1124 words - 4 pages ) Ireland has the highest quality of life. Ireland's rapid economic development over the past few years is owed many thanks for the progress in education, with Ireland being placed at 13th on the global higher education rankings (UCD placed at 89th best Uni in the world) and the healthcare system receiving a ranking of 13th in Europe. On observing these facts we must admit that we owe much of our social welfare and wellbeing advancements to Ireland's