This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Social Capital Essay

4100 words - 16 pages

Social Capital
Social capital has gained tremendous popularity in recent years,
driven in large part by the work of James Coleman, Pierre Bourdieu,
and Robert Putaman. This increased attention for social capital is
evident among several research topics, conference papers,
dissertations, and educational journals.

Social capital is the name given to a store of value generated when a
group of individuals invests resources in fostering a body of
relationships with each other (a "social network"). These
relationships, it is argued, create trust by fostering shared norms,
improve contract enforcement by easing information flows, and enhance
sanctions against deviant behavior by facilitating collective action.
Hence the real meaning of social capital is the quality of social
relations. It is the quality of relationships, understood through the
use of the concept “social capital”, which affects the capacity of
people to come together to collectively resolve problems they face in
common (Stewart-Weeks and Richardson, 1998), and achieve outcomes of
mutual benefit (Lochner et al. 1999). Thus, social capital can be
understood as a resource to collective action, which may lead to a
broad range of outcomes, of varying social scale. For individuals,
this can mean access to the reciprocal, trusting social connections
that help the processes of getting by or getting ahead. For
communities, social capital reflects the ability of community members
to participate, cooperate, organise and interact (Cavaye 2001).

The narrowest concept of social capital is associated with Putnam.
Putnam defines social capital as ‘trust, norms and networks’ that
facilitate cooperation for mutual benefit. (Putnam, 1993).

The purpose of this essay is to critically evaluate the role of social
capital in empowering individuals and communities who experience
inequality and discrimination. Emphasis is given on analyzing gender
discrimination in terms of social capital. Analyzing gender
discrimination in terms of social capital can help us understand why
there is inequality of women’s in society.

Social capital as catalysts for change
======================================

The early history of the concept of community development and women
activism has its roots in the tradition of democratic localism. In
1920 and 1930 women they were community activists engaged in building
community cohesion and they did not have voting rights and equal
status in the political system. They played critical roles in the
temperance and settlement house movements and brought about
fundamental change in the approach to the problems of poverty.
Particularly the contact with the poor in deteriorated city
neighborhoods led activist women to recognize that the causes of
poverty were social...

Find Another Essay On Social Capital

Capital Punishment - A Complex Social Issue

3808 words - 15 pages Should the government abolish capital punishment? This is a question that has plagued the United States since its birth, as it is a complex social issue not easily resolved. The law, society, and many religious institutions consider life to be precious. Also, because capital punishment is irreversible, an innocent life could potentially be at stake in the pursuit of justice. Groups that are opposed to the death penalty – such as

Importance of Social Capital to Disaster Management

1840 words - 7 pages is also known as social capital that contributed to the negative outcome (Kawachi & Berkman 2000). Klinenberg (2003) pointed out that during the Chicago heat wave African-Americans had the highest proportional death rate of any racial groups. In contrast, Latinos living in Chicago, whose overall level of poverty placed them at a higher risk of fatality, experienced a surprisingly low death rate. Latinos in Chicago constituted at least 23

A paper on Social Capital in my community

918 words - 4 pages In this essay I will discuss three major points concerning social capital. First, I will state whether my community is rich in social capital, then provide evidence of why it is or isn't. Second, I will explain the factors that are responsible for the continuance or decline in social capital. And third, I will talk about what realistic policies I would pursue to foster or sustain social capital in my community. Let me begin by explaining what

How Social Capital is Viewed by Different Communities

2757 words - 11 pages Introduction The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast two different papers that highlight how social capital is viewed by different communities in any given society. The first article titled “Social Capital and Civil Society” was published in October 1999 by Francis Fukuyama from the institute of Public Policy, George Mason University. Fukuyama (1999) explores to examine in a wider context what social capital is? It’s key function

Internet Use and Social Capital: The Strength of Virtual Ties

2412 words - 10 pages ) This wave of change has led academics to examine how society is affected in terms of communication. The advantages seem endless, people can face-to-face video chat with each other no matter of their geographic location. The use of the internet does however, have its disadvantages. Does the internet make society less sociable and thus lose out on resources to gain social capital? There is a wide range of definitions for social capital but the most

Organizational Success and The Concept of Social Capital

3053 words - 13 pages Because of its focus on building and nurturing professional relationships to create a chain of information, contact, and networking and the concept of social capital has become critical for individual as well as organisational success. In today’s fast paced, global, high-tech environment, one’s willingness to, and comfort with networking can notably impact one’s ability to establish contacts, obtain job interviews, and identify and foster

Social, Moral and Historical Aspects of Capital Punishment

1392 words - 6 pages face the fact that you know you are going to die and how much painful some punishments can be ; we saw how , still in 2014 , a lot of counties approve the use of the capital punishment. However, the debate is still open and hopefully, the next few years something will change. Bibliography William W. Wilkins (2007) University of Richmond Law Review Available at: http://lawreview.richmond.edu/the-legal-political-and-social-implications-of-the

A Comparison of Theories of Social Capital by Pierre Bourdieu and James Coleman

3540 words - 14 pages A Comparison of Theories of Social Capital by Pierre Bourdieu and James Coleman Social capital is a sociological theory which has gained increasing attention in recent years. Whilst Bourdieu can be credited with introducing the term to sociology, it was James Coleman who allowed the concept to gain widespread recognition, highlighting its importance as an individual notion. For Bourdieu social capital forms a part of

Capital Punishment: The social, Moral, and Historical Aspects of This Controversial Topic

1621 words - 6 pages Capital punishment is seen as the act of killing an individual as a form punishment given to a particular crime. The act is carried out by a lawful hearing in a court of law. Capital punishment applies to cases of murder, but some countries apply capital punishment for fraud, adultery, and treason against the crown. Its use varies in many countries worldwide. Those who use capital punishment often justify their actions with the argument that

Differences and similarities between social capital, community development and community capacity building

1340 words - 5 pages INTRODUCTIONThis paper will critically analyse the similarities and differences between three concepts; Community Development, Community Capacity Building and Social Capital, these concepts are considered to be important components of community work. This paper will also outline why it is crucial for community workers to know and understand these three concepts when working within communities. It will also include some in depth examples of how

Neighborhood Poverty, Social Capital, and the Cognitive Development of African American Preschoolers

1606 words - 6 pages genetics and environment. These studies draw from a child’s environment during the earliest years of development, specifically birth, pre-school, and early elementary school. The studies propose living in an impoverished environment as opposed to an environment above the poverty line imposes certain restrictions on cognitive and social development during early childhood. In the first study titled “Neighborhood Poverty, Social Capital, and the

Similar Essays

Social Capital Essay

1222 words - 5 pages Social capital is the is the social connections that allow for social interactions in which an individual has opportunities to build bonds, help others out, and affect change for the better. When the social engagement is reciprocated, it can produce benefits for the multiple individuals engaged in the activity and so further the circumstance of the society. Robert D. Putnam, a political scientist and professor, contends in his essay titled

The Concept Of Social Capital Essay

1852 words - 7 pages The concept of social capital has been used to represent the extent of social cohesion that is found in communities and it entails the processes between individuals or groups, which create networks, social trust and customs, and necessitate co-operation and co-ordination for mutual gain. Social capital is a significant determinant of health in older people and has been the focus on the ageing population in policymaking. Healthy ageing strategies

Intergenerational Learning And Social Capital Essay

2259 words - 9 pages Intergenerational Learning and Social Capital The elder cannot be an elder if there is no community to make him an elder. The young child cannot feel secure if there is no elder, whose silent presence gives him or her hope in life. The adult cannot be who he or she is unless there is a strong sense of the other people around. (M. P. Somé, Ritual Power, Healing, and Community. Portland, OR: Swan/Raven & Co., 1993, p. 2) Knowledge has

Cultural Capital And Social Reproduction Essay

1475 words - 6 pages education focusing on two main theories; Cultural capital and social reproduction. I am going to concentrate upon the primary sector in oppose to secondary or higher education due to the fact I believe that primary school is where most children develop their personalities which they carry with them in further life and it is their first academic experience; therefore it is where social class first becomes clearly noticeable. In relation to these