Social Class And Health Essay

1122 words - 4 pages

This essay will explore the socio-economic background affecting Regina and the circumstances she faces within her life. In addition to this, I will examine the Sociological model of Social class in comparison to why Regina finds herself in the specific social position that she is in, as well investigating the contributing factors that are associated with social class and health issues. The definition of Sociology described together with the Social Class Model itself. Firstly I will provide a brief picture of Regina’s situation; Regina is a 23 year old single mother of a two year old son. She lives on her own in council accommodation in Bridgeton. Since the age of 8 she has suffered from arthritis, this can be extremely painful at times and needs on-going help from her mother and best friend to care for her child. Due to her health conditions Regina is unable to work therefore receives state benefits. The benefit reform is causing worry for Regina. Additionally Regina and her ex-partner are disputing child visitation issues. Although Regina receives multi-disciplinary help for her arthritis, she is concerned about the instability of her illness and now feels socially isolated and depressed.

The definition of Sociology can be defined in numerous ways there is not right or wrong answer with it, I have chosen the simplest explanation I can find which is “Sociology is the study of human social life, groups and societies. It is a dazzling and compelling enterprise, having as it’s a subject matter our own behaviour as social beings. The scope of sociology is extremely wide, ranging from analysis of passing encounters between individuals in the street up to investigation of world-wide social processes” (Giddens “ Sociology”, 1989). A general description of social class is socio-economic factors, for example our social class is defined by where we live, our employment, our education and our housing to name just a few. Now there are 7 Social Classes in the United kingdom, Regina falls in to the precariat, or precarious proletaria which means the poorest most deprived class scoring low in social and cultural capital (BBC News UK, 2013.) Health issues can be related her role in society and social status. For instance Glasgow is a poverty stricken area where long term unemployment is high, according to (Understanding Glasgow, 2013) unemployment almost doubled from 7% in 2008 to 12% in 2012. This causes families live in poverty, a vast number of other issues escalate due to this poor diet, more prone to illness due to lifestyle choices i.e. smoking, drinking excessively, taking drugs, poor education and housing issues, which all can contribute to a lower mortality rate. As it stands Glaswegians have lowest life expectancy in Scotland. In 2008-2010 the life expectancy for a male was 61.5 years old whereas a female was 78 years old (Gro- Scotland, 2010). Clearly being born as male in Glasgow can have an effect on life expectancy. Furthermore to...

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