Social Competence And Rejection Essay

7086 words - 28 pages

P S I C O L O G Í ALa Competencia Social en Relación con el Rechazode los Pares en Niños de Educación PrimariaLa Competencia Social en Relación con el Rechazo de los Paresen Niños de Educación PrimariaUniversidad IberoamericanaRESUMENEn esta investigación se buscó demostrar que el nivel de rechazo o popularidad de los niños de educación primaria, está relacionado con el grado de competencia social que poseen. Participaron en total 334 niños, con edades que oscilan entre 9 y 13 años que cursan actualmente 4°, 5° y 6° de educación primaria en un colegio privado ubicado en el Estado de México. A todos ellos se les aplicó una escala sociométrica que arrojó el grado de aceptación o rechazo de cada niño y posteriormente se realizó una comparación entre dos grupos, el primero integrado por niños rechazados por sus iguales y el segundo formado por niños a quienes sus compañeros consideran populares. A ambos grupos se les aplicó la BAS-3, un instrumento destinado a evaluar distintas dimensiones de la competencia social. Los resultados mostraron que entre más rechazado es el sujeto, tiende a aislarse, a manifestar un menor grado de preocupación por los demás y a carecer de aptitudes de liderazgo, a diferencia de los niños populares quienes tienden a ejercer el liderazgo emprendiendo nuevas actividades e incluyendo a otros compañeros para que nadie sea dejado de lado. En términos generales, se observó la tendencia del grupo de niños rechazados a desarrollar una menor competencia social.Palabras Clave: competencia social, rechazo y popularidad.ABSTRACTThe aim of the present study was to demonstrate that the level of rejection or popularity among elemetary school children, is closely related to the level of social competence they have developed. A total of 334 students attending 4th, 5th and 6th grade at a private school participated, ages ranging between 9 and 13 years old, they belong to a medium-high socioeconomic status. They all completed a sociometric scale which showed each child's acceptance or rejection level. Right after a comparison between two groups was done, the first one included rejected children and the second one popular. Both groups responded BAS-3, test is destined to evaluate social competence. The results indicated that a higher level of rejection of a child is related with an almost non existent concern of others, a tendence to remain isolated and a very low ability to develop leadership, while popular children posess the ability to develop leadership and to include others in different group activities, so no body is left behind. It can be concluded that rejected children are not able to develop and practice a satisfying social competence.Key words: social competence, rejection and...

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