Social Construction of Gender
Today’s society plays a very important role in the construction of gender. Gender
is a type of issue that has raised many questions over the years in defining and debating if both male and female are equal. Today gender is constructed in four different ways. The
first way gender is defined is by the family in which a child is raised. Second is the society in which a child interacts; makes friends and enemies. The third is our school system and our board of education. And the last but not least is our own self conscious. Each of the above four ways have a unique way of molding and helping an individual define his/her gender.
Lets take the first one in perspective. The family is a very important factor in
defining our gender. Our gender starts to define as soon as we are born. If a boy is born
in a family, the family members would buy toys like monster trucks, race cars, action hero
and toys that inspire a male behavior. As oppose to if a girl is born, the family members
would buy dolls, and cute dresses, and stuffed bears. They would inspire her to behave
soft and kind like a female should behave. Parents would allow their sons to stay out late
and be little more liberal on them. And they would not allow their daughter to stay our
late and be a little strict. Dads would expect their sons to help him in the garage or any
other project around the house and moms expect their daughters to help them in kitchen.
All of these characteristics are not unusual or our of ordinary, this has been the tradition for hundreds of ears and as far as I can see it will still remain the same.
Society is a social factors that has many ways in which its mold a individual and
defines his/her gender. Society includes your friends, mentors, enemies, and our
co-workers and significant others. If you are a boy you usually hand around with guys,
playing football, basketball and other sports. A boy is expected to have “Machoness”
inside him when he grows up. If you are a girl, you would usually hang around girls,
playing indoor games, watching soaps, and going shopping every now and them. A
society expect a boy to be the solid figure in a family. A man who can earn the bread for
the family and women to take care of kids and the house. Jobs out in our society defines
gender. Men are usually factory workers, electricians, mechanics, carpenters, farmers, or
army men. The bottom line is, that a man is expected to have jobs that require more
physical ability then jobs then women has. If we look back 20-30 years ago, not many
women had jobs or financial responsibility. Today almost every women has a job and
contributes toward their family’s income. But the jobs that they have can define gender.
For example most female jobs include, nurse, clerks, teacher, maid, baby sitter, and others. But the point is that female oriented jobs are less physical and have more emotional ties to it then male jobs.