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Social Disorganization Theory Essay

1137 words - 5 pages

Social disorganization theory is a perspective on crime and deviance that examines the community and how it influences crime. Overtime there have been several school shootings and other crime on college campuses throughout the US. People have been left wondering how such crimes can happen in an educational community. Barton, Jensen, and Kaufman break down the variables that go into a college community such as Greek life, race, and age in their article “Social Disorganization Theory and The College Campus”. The authors try to find out what influences cause crime on college campuses and how to deter it.
Social disorganization theory is based on the community and how it influences crime. ...view middle of the document...

Another example is commuters and how they could impact crime negatively since they are only at the college campus for a short amount of time each day. These commuters don’t stay on campus for long and don’t get the chance to socialize with other people or take part in various groups on campus. Examples of organizations that people could participate in is Greek life.
Most universities today have a form of Greek life and it is very popular amongst the students. Joining a fraternity or sorority is an easier way for men and women to make friends easier. Every house represents a “family” and everyone included is your brother or sister. Greek life is all about making connections with people and it can help someone later on in their life to get a job. Members of fraternities or sororities are also obligated to participate in a certain number of hours for volunteering a giving back to society. These obligations can make the community a better place and show that members of the Greek system aren’t stereotypical partiers. Although sometimes that stereotype is true in the Greek system. While some houses are dry houses (drinking is forbidden), other houses are known as wet houses and party most weekends. Fraternities put these parties on to try and encourage other people to join. They also put these parities on with other sororities known as mixers so that they can have a better relationship with the sorority. These parties can lead to several crimes such as underage drinking and drug use. This can also lead to drunk disorderly conduct and to vandalism. Barton, Jensen, and Kaufman’s findings were surprising on crime on college campuses.
The findings for crime were shocking to most people. It was reliving to know property crime was higher than violent crime on college campuses. This was better because violent crimes aren’t as prevalent and it makes campuses safer for the students. Another finding is that college freshman helped make the community stronger while transfer students weakened the community as a whole. Most freshman come into college not knowing people and are required to live on campus. This forces the students to become more social with the other students and they can also join groups and clubs on campus. If...

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