Social ecology is the conceptual principles for knowing the outcomes and relations of the many diverse individual and environmental factors. Social ecology is defined as the study of people within an environment, which have influence on one another. It’s believed to be the earth’s societies reflection upon itself, exploring, discovering, and considering its future (Gutkind, 1974). Factors of social ecology may include the infirmities of age, an increase of population, natural disasters, technology and the growth of society. Within social ecology it is important to notice which people are unable to see the environmental crisis. This movement is placing all the responsibility for destroying the earth on humans as they are overpopulating the planet. There is no possible way of convincing all humans to change their way of life (Bookchin, 1995). However, rather have humans distinguish and eliminate previous forms of control and destruction (Bookchin, 1995). The main standard of social ecology is the fact that problems occur from inherent social issues (Dogan, Rokkan, 1974). These problems cannot be understood without acknowledging the social issues. The development, of certain technologies, social characteristics, cities and science all has caused a vast majority of problems to the earth, which leads back to humans.
1. What does your particular philosophy deem to be the primary cause of our current environmental woes?
Social ecology observes humans as the main cause of the destroyed earth, by overpopulating it. The world is made up of numerous people, with different races and religions, it’s because of the bad habits men and women have created which have lead to a polluted earth (Carlson, Felton, 2001). Murray Bookchin is the main contributor to the social ecology movement. Bookchin (1995) preaches that he feels human beings are "as 'aliens' that have no place or pedigree in natural evolution, or to see them essentially as an infestation that parasitizes a highly anthropomorphic version of the planet the way fleas parasitize dogs and cats, is bad thinking, not only bad ecology" (Bookchin, 1995). “Social ecology claims that the environmental crisis is a result of the hierarchical organization of power & the authoritarian mentality rooted in the structures of our society” (Dogan, Rokkan, 1974).
Over population, technology and pollution have all brought a negative aspect to the environment. With the number of humans increasing on earth, the number of problems within the environment is also intensifying. The harmful outcome that humans have on the environment is speculative and problematic (Carlson, Felton, 2001). Humans are the main reason for pollution in the environment, and global warming (Vitousek, 1994). The primary way humans cause global warming is by burning fossil fuels. This increases the amount of carbon in the atmosphere, which leads to an increase in the Greenhouse Effect (Campbel-Lendrum, et al. 2005)....