This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Social Exclusion Essay

4422 words - 18 pages

Social Exclusion


The task at hand, is to define and discuss various types of poverty,
social exclusion, oppression and social policy, whilst indicating an
understanding of sociological theories and the impact of social policy
on society. In completing this assignment I hope to show that I have
assimilated some knowledge through reading, research, and the college
sequences so far. I will breakdown the assignment into its constituent
parts, and discuss each part under a clear heading. Throughout the
essay I will endeavour to show an awareness of sensitive issues,
anti-discriminatory practice, and how this affects the delivery of
social work services.

Defining Poverty

Poverty has been with us for hundreds of years, and research into this
subject dates back to the earliest day of sociology. Poverty may be
described as some individuals, and or groups who are disadvantaged in
comparison to others, and that the poor do not have enough to sustain
a decent standard of living. Does this really define poverty? What is
meant by 'decent' standard of living? Poverty can mean having a
'shortage of the necessities of life'. This comes under the concept of
'need'. Equally, it can mean being unable to secure all the 'benefits
of civilisation', which would come under the concept of 'social need'
(1) Townsend (1979) discusses at length the concept of poverty and
deprivation, and concludes that the two main types of poverty are
'Absolute'and 'Relative'poverty (2). Many would argue that there is no
Absolute Poverty in Britain and that it only exists in third-world
countries. Many homeless people in Britain would disagree, they live
in cardboard box communities, and are fed from 'soup kitchens', which
is about as absolute as you can get.

Absolute Poverty

Seebohm Rowntree based his definition of absolute poverty on a
subsistence level, per se, 'the things people need, in order to stay
alive'. Absolute poverty defines basic human 'need' in terms of food,
shelter, and clothing. Rowntree (1899) in Townsend (1979) refers to
'Primary Poverty'' This means people do not generate enough money each
week to afford a normal, healthy life style even if they act frugally,
and 'Secondary Poverty' which is having enough funds to cover the
basic essentials, but being less thrifty. More recently Joseph
Rowntree talks about being in 'Absolute' and Overall' Poverty'.This
was discussed and defined at the World Summit for Social Development
in 1995 in Copenhagen. (4). It is seen as the first attempt to set
down a definition that could be used to compare poverty consistently
across countries. A criticism of absolute poverty is that it was based
on an assumption that there are minimum basic needs for all people, in
all societies (5)

Relative Poverty or Deprivation...

Find Another Essay On Social Exclusion

Social Exclusion in Relation to Disability and Gender

1252 words - 5 pages Social exclusion is the exclusion of an individual from the current social system, their individual rights and privileges. This is usually a result of a person living in poverty due to circumstances he or she has no control over, or their own human error. Becoming socially excluded can also be the result of the individual belonging to a minority social group. Social exclusion refers to individuals whom are excluded from certain aspects of

Social Exclusion and Integrated Family and Children’s Services

3041 words - 12 pages In this assignment a critical evaluation on the impact of social exclusion shall be implemented with overviews of both historical and current social policy. As a main point of focus, social exclusion shall be discussed in relation to victims of domestic abuse; from a children’s centre perspective. Discussion on how integrated services can reduce the impact of social exclusion shall also be examined, along with the barriers that might also

Examine the Concept of 'Social Exclusion' linked to Irish Identity

1897 words - 8 pages Within this essay I am going to explore and examine the concept of social exclusion linked to Irish identity in Britain. I will be exploring the social conditions of the Irish people living in Britain because if first and second generation Irish people are taken together, the Irish form the largest ethnic group in Britain today. In fact, studies have shown that the size of the Irish-born population in Britain has remained stable overall since

Social Exclusion of the Aboriginal Population of Australia

1926 words - 8 pages Another issue which commonly affects the Aboriginal population, inhibiting the experience of good health, is culture clash which consistently lead to social exclusion and societal assimilation. Urquhart (2009) identifies social exclusion as the fourth of ten social determinants of health and is often a result of culture clash. It is very important to recognise that culture clash is a cultural issue which gives rise to certain discrepancies that

The Forces That Lead to the Social Exclusion of the Poor

2172 words - 9 pages When discussing the issue of poverty and ‘the poor’, it is crucial to identify and explore the forces that lead to the social exclusion of the poor rather than focusing on the characteristics of these individuals. By focusing on these forces, it becomes easier to identify and explore possible ways to lessen poverty, empower the poor and alleviate social exclusion whereas focusing on the individual will not create a solution. No one person is

the role that sport plays in the social inclusion and exclusion of young people

2014 words - 9 pages , social bonding and social integration. While sport has many positive benefits and is also recognised to contribute to social inclusion among young people, it can also result in social exclusion and marginalisation for many (Dagkas and Armour 2012). This essay will look at how sport in education works as a mechanism for social inclusion and exclusion. The sociological theories underlying this essay are functionalism, feminist theory and symbolic

The Effect of Ayslum Policy on Social Exclusion in the UK

3362 words - 13 pages The Effect of Ayslum Policy on Social Exclusion in the UK This essay will discuss what asylum policy is, and how it has increased levels of social exclusion in the UK, where I will use specific examples from health and housing. Though, first, one must understand the term asylum seekers which applies to someone who has applied for asylum in this country, their application has been accepted as worthy of consideration and

Using a Particular Service User Group Critically Analyse the Theoretical Principles with Regard to Social Justice and Social Exclusion

1956 words - 8 pages The 2011 London riots had many implications for society especially for young people; this essay seeks to analytically and critically discuss young offenders involved, using social exclusion and social justice as the main focus. This piece of work will briefly look at the historical context of social exclusion and social justice to create a platform, it will then move on to theoretical principles which offer an understanding of social exclusion

Critical Response to Exclusion and Embrace

939 words - 4 pages In his book, Exclusion and Embrace, Miroslav Volf explores the interesting theology surrounding human identity, the other, and embrace. In order to figure out the issue of exclusion, and the reconciliation, that according to Volf, can only be found in God's embrace, Volf gets down to the root of humanity, exploring ideas of human identity. Volf's introduction, labelled “The Cross, The Self, and The Other”, shows us the original problem of self

The Exclusion of Homosexuality in the Classroom

3559 words - 14 pages catering to conservative desires rather than pushing for a more progressive and inclusive curriculum. Further, while the majority of parents and teachers feel homosexuality should be discussed, few feel it must be discussed. This leaves few fighting for homosexuality’s inclusion in sexual education to oppose the minority fighting for its exclusion. Thus, this social attitude of indifference, when faced with pushing for a sexual education curriculum

Chinese Exclusion Act and Immigration Problems in the United States

1549 words - 6 pages concerning immigration and racism that still plague the United States today. For example, many people are still prejudice against groups of immigrants. Mexicans are often discriminated against. In this essay I will use internet resources, in-class documents, my knowledge of social studies, and current events to write an essay comparing the Chinese Exclusion Act to illegal immigration in the U.S.A. The essay will follow. Chinese workers were not

Similar Essays

Investigating The Social Exclusion Essay

3942 words - 16 pages Investigating the Social Exclusion This essay provides a context for the discussion of women’s social exclusion in contemporary Britain. It begins with an overview of the way in which social exclusion is defined. By weighing up the relevant literature the essay will then move on to discuss whether women’ social inclusion is possible in modern Britain. In order to do this the essay will begin with a discussion of social

The Causes Of Social Exclusion Essay

3111 words - 12 pages The Causes of Social Exclusion Social exclusion refers to inequality in society, where individuals or groups may be cut off in involvement with the wider society. Social exclusion can take a number of forms. An individual or group may be excluded due to their age cohert, gender, race, educational background, neighbourhood, class and more. A class in social terms can be defines as a large scale grouping of people

Cultural Regeneration Causing Problems Of Social Exclusion

3478 words - 14 pages IntroductionUrban renewal and social exclusion are two very complex and imperative concepts that cannot be separated. The 21st century has seen a rise in the number of urban regeneration projects across the globe. There has been a lot of research conducted on this subject resulting in a substantial amount of literature published in various countries. The majority of research on this subject has mainly focused on urban renewal with a particular

Social Policy Initiatives In Response To Combating Social Exclusion

1616 words - 6 pages The history of poverty and social exclusion has been a chequered one, with concepts endlessly being redefined and past ideas revisited as the pendulum swings among Right and Left ideologies and among individual and collective responsibilities. In the last two decades, the UK has witnessed the importation of the 'underclass' debate from the USA, a decrease in the application of the concept of 'poverty', and the adoption of the concept of 'social