Social Implications Of Ict Essay

1530 words - 6 pages

Cain's Township Technology project helps people in Rural areas without financial collateral to provide telecommunications services to their communities. They purchase mobile phones via lease, and pay for their investment by allowing villagers to make calls and send and receive messages. Other services such as email and fax are also available.The initiative has shown that poor rural residents value telecommunications and are in fact willing to pay fair (and sustainable) prices for telecoms services. In addition to providing access for the community, the phones create microenterprises. Furthermore, by employing mobile phones that can be used anywhere in the community, problems arising from the location of fixed community phones have been largely avoided.It should come as no surprise that the country that invented touchtone dialling offers world-class telecommunications.Telecommunications is one of the fastest growing sectors of South Africa's economy, driven by explosive growth in mobile telephony and broadband connectivity.With a network that is 99.9% digital and includes the latest in fixed-line, wireless and satellite communication, the country has the most developed telecoms network in Africa.Mobile phone use in South Africa has increased from 17% of adults in 2000 to 76% in 2010, according to research firm Nielsen Southern Africa. Today, more South Africans - 29-million - use mobile phones than radio (28-million), TV (27-million) or personal computers (6-million). Less than 5-million South Africans use landline phones.South Africa has four licensed mobile operators: MTN, Vodacom (majority owned by UK's Vodaphone), Cell C (75% owned by Saudi Oger, an international telecommunications holdings firm), and 8ta, a subsidiary of Telkom. Mobile penetration is estimated at more than 10%, one of the highest rates in the world.Social implicationsEase of access and availabilityMany of us have very easy access to information systems both at school, college or work and at home. These are not just computer systems connected to the Internet, but digital TV with its comprehensive news channels and the ready availability of books, magazines and newspapers, all made more available by the use made of information systems.We can have access to the Internet in our social lives as well with libraries having Internet access points and Internet cafes still being popular. Bars often have Internet access points and if you have stayed in a 'big' hotel lately you will find that the rooms have Internet access points for your laptop to plug into.Many people expect Internet access when they go on holiday and many hotels and apartment complexes advertise Internet access as a desirable feature, but many of us think that we go on holiday to get away from it all and are willing to let the e-mails pile up until we get home.An interesting fact emerged in the late 1990s that 'there are more telephones in the city of New York than in the entire continent of Africa'. After a little...

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