Social Implications Tied To Gender In The United States

1651 words - 7 pages

The term gender acts as a basic biological means of dividing and classifying men and women. Even though being biologically male or female merely means one has the corresponding reproductive parts, there is much more to gender than this. Within the United States, being male or female comes with many social implications and expectations. The issue of gender is so powerful that it has become an organizing construct for national development.
A popular, though controversial method for dealing with gender has been to compare the sexes and discern the differences between the two. In their book The Psychology of Sex Differences, Maccoby and Jacklin (1974) discovered four major differences between males and females: verbal, quantitative, spatial abilities, and aggressive tendencies. Even though they decided that the evidence was not strong enough to show definitive proof about other facets of social behavior, their findings led other psychological researchers to pursue interest in learning about gender differences. According to Alice Eagly (1995), other psychologists disagreed with Maccoby and Jacklin’s findings of gender differences. This early research was based on drawing conclusions or making generalized deductions about the data.Newer forms of research were developed that utilized metaanalytic methods to provide scientifically legitimate information, offering an advantage over older, informal methods. “Most obviously, quantitative reviewers do not rely on statistical significance to interpret findings but invoke effect size metrics that independent of studies’ sample sizes” (Eagly, 1995, p. 146). With this new form of research, psychologists set out to study how males and female performed cognitively and academically. Just as Maccoby and Jacklin had stated earlier, females were found to have “more substantial measures of verbal fluency, while males (were) more substantial on aspects of visuospatial ability” (Eagly, 1995, p. 147). Gender differences in social behavior have also been discovered, leading psychologists to develop theories to explain such variations. The social role theory states men and women behave differently in different social contexts and engage in differing roles. The communal role is typically taken on by women because it is characterized by friendliness, openness, and nurturing behavior, while the agentic role is taken on by men because it encompasses roles of dominance, assertiveness, and autonomy. These social expectations organize men and women into certain social roles that make up “typical” male or female behavior. Eagly states that we learn about gender segregation as early as childhood in what she calls the separate cultures idea, or the “idea that children learn rules for social interaction from experience in largely sex-segregated peer groups in childhood and then carry this learning into adult social interaction” (Eagly, 1995, p. 148). The idea of evolutionary psychology states that we are innately programmed to...

Find Another Essay On Social Implications Tied to Gender in the United States

The following essay describes the feminist position of gender inequlity in the United States.

1225 words - 5 pages admire. Then, when class is over, they return to the street, in all of their confidence, winning smiles, bouncing breasts, affected dalliance - ostentatious preening that is the avocation (used her archaically and in its modern usage) of many, and the savior of none.The foregoing paragraph is not meant to disparage the women at California University of Pennsylvania, but to show how dominant social ideologies can adversely affect even the educated in

Social Mobility in the United States

2262 words - 9 pages day and age compared to previous generations, and that it is much less prevalent in the U.S. than in other western countries. As for social mobility, it's also argued that while it exists to a greater extent in other western countries, it is no less attainable in the United States today than it was in the past. The purpose of this essay is to really get a good look at both sides of the coin in terms of this issue, take note of the arguments which

Social Class in the United States

1911 words - 8 pages There is much debate about the issue of social class in the United States. There are arguments about whether social classes are distinctly separate or fluid, dependent upon one’s community or society as a whole, and if they are subjective or objective (Hughes and Jenkins). However, despite the debate surrounding social classes, it is still important to try to define them and analyze their effects, as they are such an important part of our

Social Classes in the United States

1483 words - 6 pages Many people in the United States like to think that our nation has no social classes that people are better off than the United States of the 20th century. People do not like to be informed about the social classes and when told about them they overlook the inequalities each class has. However, social class plays a major role in predicting social inequalities in areas such as work, education, and health. Even though many improvements have been

Social Inequality in the United States

711 words - 3 pages Social Inequality in the United States There is a high degree of social inequality within the United States. Of most modern industrial countries, the United Stated has some of the richest and some of the poorest people to be found. That fact is very disturbing, however, explains why much of the inequality exists in the US. In the following essay I will explain to you about the inequality in our country and why it occurs

Social Darwinism and Social Welfare in the United States

1636 words - 7 pages The interplay and relationship between Social Darwinism and Social Welfare in the United States typify the nation's struggle to make the best of a capitalist society, while at the same time correcting pitfalls. Social Darwinism in our capitalist society compares wealth with fitness, but historically, unregulated markets given the false sanction of natural law have proven out that Darwinist economic competition has a destructive side for

Gap of Inequality Between Social Classes in the United States

748 words - 3 pages In the article “Confronting Inequality”, Paul Krugman argues that the gap of inequality between social classes in the United States is growing because of self- interest. He cites a “movement conservative”, Irving Kristol, who claims income inequality is not important because there is social equality. Krugman uses Kristol’s statement as a starting position to state his own. Krugman describes the claim as being a “fantasy world” and not the “real

A Social Ecological Approach to Rising Levels of Overweight and Obesity in Children and Adolescents in the United States

1945 words - 8 pages rate of 24.4% to 20.2% between 2005 to 2007, decreased blood pressure, and higher academic scores were evident, particularly among whites and Hispanics. Taking a social ecological model approach will allow one to better understand and address risk factors and intervention efforts surrounding the childhood overweight and obesity epidemic in the United States. This framework “…focuses attention on both individual and social environmental factors

How the 'social contract' described by Hobbs and Locke led to the formation of the United States and the citizens role in maintaining the social contract today.

1680 words - 7 pages experiencing for centuries by the iron-fisted rule of Kings or Tyrants. These elements helped the people with the will, capacity, and the desire to form the social contract and begin the drive for self-preservation. Let us examine how these thoughts and ideas influence the formation and foundation of the United States.After the revolution of 1776, the United States were held together by the Articles of Confederation. Under this document each

Immigration to the United States

759 words - 3 pages Immigration to the United States Works Cited Not Included Immigration to the United States has been happening since the Mayflower landed at Plymouth Rock in 1492. America is one of the most diverse nations in the world, attracting people from every corner of the globe in hopes of a better way of life. America in the past has relied on migrant workers to balance the economies growth when internal resources have been exhausted; moreover, the

The United States Government's Failure to Uphold the Country's Social Contract

692 words - 3 pages The government of the United States has not been able to hold up their part of the country’s social contract. Life of the freedmen, the Women’s Movement, and The Road to World War II are all proof of this thesis. All of those periods are evidence of injustice and cruelty. The sad thing is that most of this still goes on today in some way, shape, or form. I would say that whoever created this contract would not be pleased with what our country

Similar Essays

Gender Equality In The United States

1294 words - 5 pages Introduction Gender equality has been a hot-button topic in the United States for quite some time. Groups have been pushing for equal opportunities for women in politics, the workplace, and essentially all facets of life. Universities aren’t exempt to this push, as policies have been passed to ensure equal rights for women in academics and athletics. Title IX was introduced to the college sports world in 1972. It is a federal law that

Market Competition: Implications For Healthcare Policy In The United States

6967 words - 28 pages based solely on traditional market competition may be detrimental to the social welfare of citizens in the United States.IntroductionOver the past few decades competition in the United States (US) healthcare market has increased, with a trend toward less government involvement. This paper will provide a background of the traditional models of competition, describe critical assumptions of competitive markets, and describe conclusion of these

Economic Implications Of National And Private Health Insurance In The United States

3007 words - 12 pages Currently in the United States, acquisition of affordable health insurance plans through employers and private corporations is one of the main topics in the political landscape between liberals and conservatives. The traditional way of obtaining health insurance is either by subtracting a certain amount of payout from one’s salary/paycheck or pay out of pocket. However, many people do not have access to health care because of the high costs

A Comparison Of The Perceptions Of Love, Anger, And Guilt In Portugal And The United States And Implications For Counseling

4631 words - 19 pages perceptions of guilt and anger in Portugal and the United States affect the counseling process. More cross cultural studies such as this one are needed to help counselors, psychologists and other helping professionals to become aware of the cultural implications of the interventions they use, as well as to gain knowledge of the worldviews of persons who live in different cultures or countries.ReferencesAxelson, J.A., 1993. Counseling and development in a