This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Social Influences On Behavior Essay

1208 words - 5 pages

In an attempt to understand why people act and behave the way they do psychologists have come up with a number of theories to explain personality. Some of the most famous behaviorists include American psychologist B.F. Skinner and Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov, known for their conditioned reflex experiments. While these psychologists focused on conditioned reflexes and other traits of behaviorism, social learning theory looks at behavior that is controlled by environmental influences rather than purely innate forces and conditioned reflexes. The paper that follows will outline the core differences between the behavioral approach to personality and the social learning approach to personality. This paper will also analyze one of my behaviors.Behavioral theory approaches personality as being observable. That is, we can watch the way people act, respond, and live their lives and make a judgment about them based on those actions. Many behaviorists believe that psychology should only concern itself with these matters as objectively observable data and is the only data we can draw correct conclusions from. Behaviorists also believe that behavior and learning can be linked to a response to certain stimulus; that is people and animals act the way they do and can be conditioned to respond in a certain manner because of stimuli (Behavioral Approach, n.d.). In contrast, the social learning approach to personality explains personality as more than just observable factors. Social learning adds a cognitive side to observing and says that while behavior is important thought processes and unobservable activities also need to be investigated.Characteristics of Behavior and Social Learning ApproachesBehavior ApproachBehaviorists look at the causes of behavior in terms of conditioning. "According to behaviorists, if we are to understand the processes that shape our personalities as well as develop procedures for changing problem behaviors, we must examine basic conditioning principles" (Burger, 2008). Studying the behavioral approach, we see that the assumptions or principles that are prevalent are:1. Observing behavior can bring about understanding of individuals2. Observing an individual's responses to stimuli also brings about an understanding of thatindividual3. The assumption that everyone is born with a blank slate makes everyone equal andenvironment is the key to behavior (PsychologyWorld.com, n.d.).These assumptions embody techniques of operant and classical conditioning. Operate conditioning uses a series of punishments and reinforcements as a way of changing or influencing behavior. Classical conditioning is based on the belief that an instinctual stimulus brings about a response that is then paired with a neutral stimulus and eventually the neutral stimulus will evoke a response without the instinctual stimulus.Social Learning ApproachThe social learning approach to personality works on the belief system that all behavior is learned and imitated by the...

Find Another Essay On Social Influences on Behavior

Social Influences on Smoking Essay

4503 words - 18 pages " (DeFronzo and Pawlak, 1993, p. 634). Also concerned with social bonds and childhood experience, Epstein, Botvin, and Diaz (1999) examined inner-city adolescents and the social influences they faced based on four domains: socioeconomic background, social influences to smoke, social and personal competence, and individual differences. The study was also based on the social learning theory and the problem behavior theory. These theories state that

Social Influences on Sport Participation Essay

2199 words - 9 pages Social Influences on Sport Participation It is clear that sport is strongly influenced by social factors and by human cultural responses. There is a recurring tension between tradition and the cry for modern intervention, this is apparent in football, where some want the technology that is used in rugby, in which a television screen is used in doubtful situations such as try's that weren't fully seen by the referee

Biological, Psychological and Social Influences on Health

1635 words - 7 pages This essay aims to explore how biological, psychological and social aspects can have bidirectional and exacerbating influences on the health of an individual or groups. Applying the bio psychosocial model (Engel 1977; Kety 1974) to observations made in an older adult ward whilst in placement practice, discussion will explore how the vicious cycle of factors specific to older age affect the bio psychosocial health aspects of older adults. Older

Social Media Impact on Online Consumer Behavior

3396 words - 14 pages brands. The old way of doing business is already unsustainable because the Internet “is transforming the economics of marketing and making obsolete many of the function’s traditional strategies and structures” (Edelman, 2010, p. 1). Today, everything is about social media. Some industry gurus even argue that if a company is not present on Facebook, YouTube etc., it is not a part of the cyberspace anymore (Kaplan & Haenlein, 2010). Other researchers

Alcohol and its Effects on Social Behavior

1132 words - 5 pages Alcohol and its Effects on Social Behavior The characters in Ernest Hemingway’s novel, The Garden of Eden, exhibit an interesting social behavior throughout the story in their frequent consumption of various types of alcoholic beverages. The character David Bourne especially seems to have one or two drinks often before ordering food when out at the French café near their hotel, regardless of the present time of day. The behavior of these

Media Influences on Adolescent: Social Norms and Identity

1056 words - 5 pages Adolescence is a time where an individual’s sense of identity starts to emerge and a majority of their social norms are perceived. In this day and age, adolescents live in a world heavily submerged around media, which plays an important and habitual part of an adolescents' life. In a national survey conducted in 2009, adolescents on average spend more than 7.5 hours using some sort of media a day (Rideout, Foehr, Roberts, 2010). With this

How Does Television and the Media Influence Children? The Influence of Media on Obesity Media Influences on Behavior Other Sources of Media Violence

1060 words - 4 pages How Does Television and the Media Influence Children?The Influence of Media on ObesityMedia Influences on BehaviorOther Sources of Media ViolenceMedia plays very a important role and has influence in virtually every aspect of our lives. It is considered as the best source to know about the happenings of world. Newspaper, magazine, radio, television and internet are the different types of media. It greatly affects our lives because media has the

Discussion on the Social Psychological Influences on Academic Achievement, Based on a Classroom Learning Experience

2229 words - 9 pages negative reaction (Snyder, 1977). It is suggested by Snyder et al that ‘stereotypes can and do channel dyadic interaction so as to create their own social reality’ (pg. 663), this means that the way an individual interacts with another is wholly affected by their stereotypical views of that person, this stereotype develops into the self-fulfilling prophecy. Another factor of Kevin’s views on his ability is his surroundings, it is likely; as

Brand Communities on Social Networks and Consumer Behavior

2478 words - 10 pages specialized non-geographically bound community, based on structured set of social relations among admirers of brand”. Wikipedia defines “A brand community as a community formed on the basis of attachment to a product or marquee. Recent developments in marketing and in research in consumer behavior result in stressing the connection between brand, individual identity and culture. Among the concepts developed to explain the behavior of consumers, the

The Influences of Social Force on Ethical Standards in Hamlet by William Shakespeare

1457 words - 6 pages The Influences of Social Force on Ethical Standards William Shakespeare, a British poet and playwright, describes in his play Hamlet, “There is nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes it so.” The author thought that there is no such a thing like an absolute ethical standard, and the ethical standards are set by human beings. Then, how do people judge whether a person is ethically right or wrong? People measure the person’s behavior

Labeling Theory and Its Effectiveness on Youth Crime and Anti-Social Behavior

989 words - 4 pages Summarise labelling theory and then consider its effectiveness in considering youth crime and anti-social behaviour in contemporary British society Labelling theory is the theory of how applying a label to an individual influences their lifestyle, and how the social reaction to this label influences the individual. "...social groups create deviance by making rules whose infraction creates deviance, and by applying those roles to particular

Similar Essays

Social Influences On Behavior Essay

1237 words - 5 pages influences on behavior itself.ReferencesAsch, Solomon E. (1955, November). Opinions and social pressure. Scientific American, 193(5),31-35.Einstein, Albert. (1949-2009). Why socialism?. Monthly Review, 50(1), .Retrieved from http://www.monthlyreview.org/598einstein.phpKowalski, Robin M., & Western, Drew. (2005). Psychology (4th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: JohnWiley & Sons, Inc..Milgram, S. (1974). Obedience to authority: An experimental view. New York: Harper & Row.

Social Influences On Behavior Essay

1311 words - 5 pages Social Influences on Behavior There are many social influences which have an effect or lasting effect on the behavior of an individual. Within many group scenarios, conformity and obedience play a large role in how people tend to think and behave, especially if they get carried away. Obedience refers to compliance to an authority figure or with others in a group. On the other hand, conformity refers to an individual changing their thoughts

Situational Influences On Purchasing Behavior Essay

1855 words - 7 pages purchasing behavior. Consumers look for different product attributes depending on they intend to use their purchase.In an attempt to understand how situational influences affect purchasing behaviors, researchers looked at several different approaches to study consumer behavior. Monroe and Lee (1999) based their research on issues involving the buyers' processing of price information. Their assumption concerned how prices influence buyers

Influences On Childrens Behavior Essay

2537 words - 11 pages As more generations of children are born into the world, it is common to see a negative decline in good behavior. There are many questions asked as to why children are tending to lean more on the negative and violent side of life. An abundance of people claim these behaviors are developed through their private home life, and many more people claim that children learn their negative actions through the media, such as internet and television, or