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Social Issues Essay

1046 words - 5 pages

Social justice is extremely important particularly in relation to social policy, social work practice and community development as it seeks to alleviate oppression and relates to the suitable distribution of resources and services (Cheyne, O'Brien, & Belgrave, 2008). This form of justice is recognized as distributive justice as it is concerned with the fair distribution of all resources that are required for well-being and it seeks to ensure all people have equal opportunity and enjoyment of all of these resources (Cheyne, O'Brien, & Belgrave, 2008). Whereas, retributive justice, is associated with recompense and retaliation, and is constructed on rectification when laws are broken or when ...view middle of the document...

Thirdly, they are not capable of being superseded or overruled (Drake, 2001). The absence of human rights within a community can cause tangible harm as it will deprive it of balanced objectives and a way of survival (Drake, 2001). Within social work practice and community development human rights demonstrate the foremost significant and valuable types of freedom, liberty, justice, and equality of opportunity (Drake, 2001). The core values that encompass social work practice emerge from the set of principles that associate with the protection of human rights such as, well-being, social justice, human dignity, relationships, autonomy and social inclusion (Connolly, 2009). To achieve this social work practice and community development need to discover and work in the best interest of the community, this is pivotal to creating an environment which reflects the community’s commitments and momentary concerns, which is a rights based approach (Connolly, 2009).
There are numerous connections between community development and social work practice, which makes it difficult to find many if any distinctions. Some critics of social work practice however may argue that it is primarily an individualist, micro-focus and planned intervention approach as opposed to a meso or macro and collective approach (Aimers & Walker, 2011). Furthermore, some critics believe social work practice within the community may result in power imbalances, due to credentials and increased responses to the profession (Aimers & Walker, 2011). This may be a causation of the political ideologies which previously focused on nurturing and development of community’s to the current more conservative policies involving economics (Alston, 2009). However, there are many examples of successful social work practice within the community which disputes the above criticisms. One example in New Zealand is of a successful community approach towards marginalized young people who were being excluded or refused to engage in the community scheme, which was resulting in anti-social behavior. Encouragements of this group to involve themselves in finding a resolution to this issue lead to constructive contributions to the community (Alston, 2009).
To define a profession can sometimes mean placing limits or restrictions on it. It is difficult to find a universal way of defining both community development and social work practice as they both incorporate a range of perspective, ideologies and characteristics. However, I feel...

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