Social issues are problems in the society today that are described as wrong, widespread and changeable. A category of conditions that people believe need to be changed. Poverty is a serious social issue in the society today. According to Peilin (2012), poverty brings hardships to families and individuals as well as political thereby negatively affecting the social stability and social development and posing a severe threat to human security (p. 243). This paper focuses on poverty as a social issue in today’s society. First, it gives a succinct introduction of the social issue, and then describes how it fits into the field of sociology. It also evaluates the sociological ...view middle of the document...
According to Allan (2010), sociologists view poverty as a consequence of social structural conditions which includes gender inequality in the workplace and unemployment as well as the lack of support for childcare for working parents (p. 53). Peilin (2012) argues states that sociology as a discipline combines the interests in personal troubles of individuals with public issues that affect almost everyone (p. 254). Poverty therefore fits within the field of sociology due to the fact that it is a serious societal occurrence that troubles a significant portion of the world yet remains a concern to all countries in the world (Allan, 2010). Sociology draws together private and public issues and its enquiries are extremely varied and wide in scale. The solutions provided for many questions regarding the causes and effects of poverty have created an important understanding and attracted important contribution from all quarters. The government interventions and the effective intervention programs are increasing the sum of public and private efforts in dealing with the social issue (Peilin, 2012).
Sociological theories and terminology that apply to poverty
One of the major sociological theories that apply to poverty is the culture of poverty theory explained by Allan (2010), who describes that poverty is observed as a way of life passed on from one generation to another; the poor have similar spending patterns, identical value systems and time orientations. According to Allan (2010), the poor are heavy drinkers, they purchase as their needs arise and reside in crowded regions. According to the relative theory, poverty is a consequence of insufficient resources (p. 61). This means both low resources and an effect of having low resources (Lyman et al, 2004). A common sociological terminology associated with poverty is the absolute poverty. Allan (2010) defines absolute poverty as a condition in which an individual or group of individuals lacks the means to satisfy the very basic needs which often includes, water, food, basic education, medical care and shelter (p. 52).
What is known or not known about poverty
One of the well-known facts is that poverty has many faces and causes in the society. It can be as a result of illness, natural catastrophes, wars, economic fluctuations among others. Another known fact is that poverty increases with the increase in...