Social Learning And Social Process Theory

870 words - 4 pages

Social learning theory has been something of debate since it has been in existence. Some people believe that crime is learned while others debate that it is not learned that it fails to explain where the criminal behavior came from. Social Process theory is said to be a way to deter people from crime. They do this by making programs for people to do either in jail or out.
What social learning theory is?
Social learning theory is said to be learned according to Siegel research (2011) "social learning theorist believe that crime is a product of learning the norms, values, and behaviors associated with criminal activity." (p.173). This theory includes two different learning forms which are differential association theory and neutralization theory. Siegel puts it this way (2011) "Two of the most prominent forms of social learning theory: differential association theory and neutralization theory." (p.173).
If crime is learned the techniques to do so are as well. Siegel put it this way (2011)
" Social learning can involve the actual techniques to crime (how to hot wire a car or roll a joint), as well as the psychological aspects of criminality (how to deal with the guilt or shame associated with illegal activities)." (p.173). People who do crime sometimes might feel guilty especially if it is their first offense. Chronic offenders might not feel guilty for the crimes they do because they have learned to control the feeling of guilt.
Differential Association Theory
Differential association theory is one of the social learning theories that was thought up by a social learning theorist. Siegel said (2011) "One of the most prominent social learning theories is Edwin H. Sutherland's differential association theory."(p.173). In 1939 Sutherland put out his theory in the Principles of Criminology. (Siegel,2011,p.173). In this theory it disagrees with the belief that crime is inherited in lower class areas. Siegel said (2011) " Sutherland's research on white- collar crime, professional theft, and intelligence led him to dispute the notion that crime was a function of the inherent inadequacy of people in the lower classes." (p.174).
Furthermore differential association theory is the belief that any one, at anytime and in any culture, can commit crime by learning from others. Siegel wrote (2011) "He believed crime was a function of a learning process that could affect any individual in any culture." (p.174). Differential association theory has many principles involved with the theory. Sigel said (2011) "Sutherland implies that criminality is learned in the same manner as any other learned behavior, such as writing, painting, or reading." as well as "Criminal behavior is learned as a by-product of interacting with others."...

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