Social Map Of Japanese Translation Of One Thousand And One Nights During Edo Period

4955 words - 20 pages

Mohamed Hassan ElnobyComparative literatureGraduate school of social-cultural studies, Kyushu University.alnoby109@yahoo.comOne thousand and one nights has an influence on modern Japanese literature. George Fyler Townsend's revised edition of the one thousand and one nights was the first European literary work to be translated into the Japanese language during the Meiji era, by Nagamine Hideki in 1875, But there is an information emerges from the Edo era documents indicate that the Japanese society knew one thousand and one nights before the date of its first translation even before Meiji period.This paper is trying to follow this information to find answers about two questionsFirst, Did Japan knows about one thousand and one nights during the Edo period and whether there was a chance to be translated?Second, if there was an opportunity to translate, why did not Japanese translators translate one thousand and one nights during the Edo Period? (Key words; Comparative literature, translation, intercultural studies, Arabic literature , Japanese literature )Social map of Japanese translation of One thousand and one nights During Edo periodOne thousand and one nights is a famous collection of Arabic Folk Tales from medieval times. It was in 1875, eight years after the Meiji Restoration that the first Japanese translation of One thousand and one nights was made by Nagamine Hideki (1848-1927), a teacher at the Naval Academy. Since then one thousand and one nights has been translated to Japanese language with different aspects and for different proposes.This paper is an attempt to draw a social map of the translation of one thousand and one nights to the Japanese language before Meiji period concentrated on the last decades of Edo period. The study is a part of thesis address the impact of One thousand and one nights on modern Japanese literature.it will try to explore the relation between social Japanese structures (Economy, History, Literature, politics, etc…..), and translations of one thousand and one nights along with last decades of Edo period , and how both influenced on each other.Previous studiesPrevious studies about translation of One Thousand and One Nights into Japanese language have been done mainly by Professor Hideaki Sugita from Tokyo University and Professor Tetsuo Nishio from Osaka National Museum of Ethnology.Professor Sugita's work focused on reviewing the Japanese translations put into chronology sequence, thus comparing between these translation and their sources using linguistic approach with an indication of the characteristics of each translation and its purpose. Nevertheless, Professor Sugita did not explain the links between these translations and the social structures in which they came, yet one finds an exception in his study about the Arabian Nights as children literature, in which he clarified how the Arabian Nights had an impact on children's literature in Japan, particularly during the Meiji era.On the other hand,...

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