Social Movements Essay

737 words - 3 pages

During the 19th century, there were many movements that have changed society for the better. A variety of movements discussed the issues of religion, slaves and women’s rights. The Second Great Awakening focused its views on many of the religious revivals going on during that time. The Abolition movement focused on slaves and how their circumstances changed in history. The Seneca Falls Conventions helped lead women to their natural rights as citizens.
The Second Great Awakening was a series of highly emotional revivals. These revivals focused much on the religious changes going on during the early 19th century. This lasted for about 50 years or so. During the religious upheavals, there came the idea of a freedom of new belief. In the 1780s, the Protestant Episcopal Church replaced Anglicanism. There were forms of Baptist practices as well as a new evangelical Christian faith. These new faiths attracted the South because they focused on the emotional nature of religion. The revivals began in Virginia where it progressed to Kentucky and Tennessee. Eventually, the awakening spread to all countries. The most famous revival is said to be in 1801 placed in Kentucky, where thousands of people including men, women, children, and slaves came together to listen to mass conversions. Unschooled preachers preached many of these mass conversions. During the early 19th century, the number of Baptist congregations and the number of Methodist churches more than doubled.
The Abolition Movement was a movement that was sought to end slavery and wanted to send the Atlantic slave trade. Voluntary associations such as unions and churches led these movements. The beginning of abolitionism was based upon the resistance of slaves. Slaves resisted in forms of culture and rebellions. Laws had refused slaves legal identity so culture was a way for slaves to have a self-definition. Slaves names were used many times in a line of one family. It helped them have a sense of identity. Slaves had grown to interpret Christianity. Nat Turner was an African American preacher who launched one of the most famous rebellions in Virginia. Turner believed that he was chosen by God to form...

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