Social Anxiety Disorder Essay

3255 words - 13 pages

Many of us had a stage in their lives when they were shy. Some will always be like this. While it might be considered as disadvantage, it's common and not surprising. But what if we're so embarrassed around other people that we start to avoid them, being in public makes us nauseous, and we have tremendous difficulty with even buying food in stone? What's more, it makes us feel worthless and totally destroys our social life... It's not a simple shyness anymore, even if many people would classify it as such. This problem, still not known very well, is called Social Anxiety Disorder. Hippocrates was apparently first human to notice symptoms of social anxiety, which was named social phobia for the first time in around 1900. It wasn't really known until 1985, when psychiatrist Michael Liebowitz and clinical psychologist Richard Heimberg done a research on this topic and made it more widely recognized. Moreover, it's actually world's third biggest mental problem - as The Kim Foundation claims, there are about 40 million people around 18 years old having this disorder. Psychologists researching causes of this phenomena. I am writing about social anxiety disorder, because I am trying to show you how it can change someone and why it's extremely difficult to live with it in order to explain how we can understand person suffering it, help him or her or recognize this disorder, so that we will know more about human psychology.
What is the cause of social fobia? There might be many of them, actually. But almost all of them have their base in childhood, in family. If a person lived in home full of conflicts and lack of affection, he or she might have corrupted personality. That being said, it may be helpful to start with describing the most common symptoms to know how to recognize social anxiety disorder. These are divided into three categories: "cognitive symptoms (what do you think), physical symptoms (what do you feel) and behavioural symptoms (what you do)" (Cuncic 1). First group – cognitive symptoms – are largely related with what we believe in. They may include negative thoughts, such as perceiving others as better in everything, feelings of inferiority and fear of contact (it doesn't matter is it physical or verbal) with another human. Therefore, affected person may want to disappear - sometimes low self-esteem may lead to suicidal thoughts too. Next category, physical symptoms, are experienced during stressful situations. There are many of them and they may be particularly dangerous for people with SAD, since because of them this disorder may take a turn for worse. These are things like dizziness, blushing, sweating, sneezing, and so on – this list is pretty long, so I picked most common examples. People suffering them are even more ashamed of themselves. It's nearly impossible to avoid them. And, last but not least, behavioural symptoms. In general, these are decisions we make to avoid something which causes us discomfort or panic in terms of...

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