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Social Problems Essay

2033 words - 9 pages

Introduction
Racism in the United States has existed since the founding of the state. Society, founded by white men, differing in their national and religious grounds, their attitude was very different to other groups. Become victims of racism nonwhite natives, i.e. Indians, African Americans, Hispanic, and slaves. Though, racism in America is prohibited, after the death of John F. Kennedy in 1963 by an assassin's bullet baton protection of minorities took over Martin King. He was killed by James Ray, who later received 99 years in prison for the crime and finally, he died at age 70 in 1998. Although, nowadays racism in America legally does not exist, but, in fact, it does; formally, all are ...view middle of the document...

American scientist proved that it is not. Racial discrimination in the United States has deep historical roots and, in fact, is the same age as the country. Society, founded by white people, always negative attitude towards people with different skin color: Indians - Native Americans and blacks. Racial segregation in the United States has officially existed since 1865, with the adoption of the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, abolishing slavery (Adams, et al., 2008). Examples of racism can serve such flagrant as segregation on public transport and schools. According to the laws of Montgomery (Ala.), the first rows of seats on the bus destined for white passengers, and if they were all busy, Negros had to give up their "black" sites. This policy resulted in a boycott of "Walking in the name of freedom", which lasted 381 days. During this time, African Americans accounted for 70% of all passengers who do not use public transport. Bus companies have suffered significant losses. December 20, 1956 segregation in public transport was canceled (Griffith, et al., 2007).
Segregation in schools led to armed conflict. The most famous incident relates to 1957, when racists let coeducational white and nine black children who received the nickname "Nine from Little Rock" (Arkansas). When things finally escalated, President Eisenhower was forced to send troops to the city in 1200 Airborne Division. They accompanied their children to school and protected them in the corridors. In 1941, racial segregation was formally abolished, but in fact it remains today. According to sociologists, the basis of racism is a realistic theory of group conflict. Central to this theory occupies a position of conflict of interest, which is the main cause of conflict and contributing to the perception of the threat posed by the out-group (Smedley & Smedley, 2005). Threat creates hostility group members to its source, strengthens its cohesion and toughens penalties for people with deviant behavior. With regard to racial discrimination theory of group conflict will be as follows. Historically, the white population of the United States has the power, control natural resources. As the dominant group of people with white skin sought to preserve the status quo, change the routine they were unprofitable (Reid & Foels, 2010). However, representatives of the black population would improve their situation; their actions represented a danger to the dominant group. Consequently, racism in this situation is an integral element of ideology, social policy.
Sociological Perspective
According to functional perspective the sociologists have long hold the view that the human race is a social construct that has no biological basis. Accordingly, they proceed from the assumption that human evolution stopped in the distant past so long that historians and economists need not consider evolutionary arguments and explanations. After the human genome there is increasing evidence that clearly prove...

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