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Social Problems During The Industrial Revolution

1085 words - 5 pages

The Industrial Revolution began in the mid eighteenth century (1750) and ran through to the early twentieth century. The revolution began in Great Britain and spread rapidly across Europe and America forever changing the world. It modified the way people both worked and lived. During the revolution social changes in agriculture and technological changes in the production of goods occurred. Revolutionary ideas also saw Great Britain become a dominant world power at the time. Despite the early social problems of atrocious living and working conditions created by the industrial revolution its long-term social reforms including; the Factory Act of 1883 outweighed the short-term issues that were ...view middle of the document...

The industrial revolutions working conditions were clearly horrific for children, thanks solely to the remarkable high rate of child labour. Thus it is evident and obvious that the working conditions were terrible. At the same time during the industrial revolution living conditions for the lower class men and women were just as unpleasant.
The living conditions were harsh and simply unacceptable and dreadful for working class families during the industrial revolution era. The social problem, living conditions consisted of many dreadful illnesses, children of the time had a lack of education, physical activity and sunlight due to the fact of working inside factories for a substantial amount of time. The housing situations were often dirty and dusty which lead to increasing incidences of lung diseases and many of the houses had very few windows and limited light, the only light was natural. Because of the lack of sunlight and physical activity there were deformities in bones and legs which meant humans of the era were shorter than the average modern day human. “Because everyone lived in such crowded and in terrible conditions and lived so close to one another, diseases spread like rabbits so rapidly and lack of medicine and medical care resulted in many deaths,” (Kelly Martin, 2013). During the era of the industrial revolution living conditions forced families into harsh and appalling life styles, however, reforms were eventually introduced to address some of these issues in 1883.
The Factory Act of 1883 changed the lives of millions, it was a law that prevented child labour in factories and reduced the amount of time that children could to work, and that children below the age of 9 were not allowed to be employed. The factory act gave children the right to an education and freedom. It was decided that each child should receive two days of schooling. The factory act was caused a massive change in the industrial revolution, it introduced laws that prevented child exploitation, children were not to work at night, and every employee had to have a valid age certificate for their child workers. Children of the age 9-13 were to work no more than nine hours a day, 13-18 year olds were not to be employed more than 12 hours a day. “In 1883 the government introduced the Factory Act to help improve conditions for children...

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