Social Problems of the Troubles in Ireland
For about 150 years Ireland and neighboring countries have struggled with social controversy and segregation that has consumed society and its views, which have been labeled as the “Troubles”. Ireland has struggled to become peaceful and accept the ties it has to the United Kingdom. In every country there is hate, wars, and events that cause the population to raise up arms and try to get their points across, but in Ireland it has lasted a very long time due to Nationalists versus the government, Catholics versus Protestants, Loyalists versus Unionists, and many other radicals that believed in something greater than what Ireland was during certain time periods. Britain played a big role in Irish History and its problems. (Edwards, 2010, 2) This social issue has hurt many people over the past few hundred years. The issue of the Troubles reflects on immigrants, society, other countries, and religion.
Since the potato famine Ireland has had its ups and downs. In the 1850’s the Irish fought for land and would eventually become known as a main idea for Irish politics. Throughout the years the Irish had created leagues and organizations that appealed to many to fight the ongoing battles of Irish culture. At first there was the Irish Tennant League that dealt with the land distribution. (Douglas, 52) Then a secret militia of Irish veterans came together on Saint Patrick’s Day to create an Organization that would lead the crusade of Ireland. Most of the organizations were made up of the lower-middle class and the lower-class population. These gave way to bombings, riots, rebellions, and movements. (Douglas, 53-54)
Many believed that Ireland “was culturally isolationist, economically backward, would-be tyrannical, Romish in religion, and constricting of Protestant, British liberties.” (English, 2006, 250) Anglo-phobia was a post-famine feeling that was engrained in the minds of many. It led to the rage of the Catholic Church and caused many events to occur. Since Catholics had control over most of the residents they had the power to do almost anything. (Douglas, 1999, chapter 1) The Catholic Church in Ireland was well recognized and respected.
The British tried to enforce the idea of “home rule” from 1912-1914. Home rule is the idea of buying off land and created a separate governmental system. (Roberts, 1997, 397) This really had an effect on the Catholics. The British essentially wanted to take over Ireland. Most of Ireland’s problems came from Britain because there were too many issues in Ireland for the Irish to deal with. Home rule had eventually been set into effect in 1914 along two other sections to the home rule. Home rule would actually create peace in Ireland for a brief time. (2006, 253-256) Home rule was enacted in other countries as well, like Scotland.
On April 20, 2014, I interviewed my Mothers friend Hannah Wright of Glasgow, Scotland to get her take of what was happening during...