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Social Security Policy In Brazil Essay

998 words - 4 pages

Brazilian social security benefits are only available to Brazilians and foreigners who have made contributions to the social security system. Some of the benefits that we will introduce and discuss are; maternity benefits, temporary incapacity or accident benefits, long-term sickness benefits, disability benefits, pensions benefits, imprisonment benefits, death benefits, and invalidity benefits. In many of the cases in order to receive benefits or assistance, the insured must have contributed to at least twelve months of working, or in the case of the old age pension at least one hundred fifty-six months of contribution are required. In some cases there are instances where the contribution is waived if the insured as hurt or injured on the job or becomes pregnant. We will also discuss the problems with the Brazilian Social Security problems and ways that we believe will improve the Brazilian Social Security Program.
For the old age pension benefit the men are required to have contributed five more years of work than the women. The United States Social Security Administrative Office website states that the men must have at least thirty years of contributions. The maternity monthly benefit is paid as 100% of the workers last wage; benefits are paid to women for up to four months. Women with miscarriages get paid for two weeks. Any woman who has adopted a child under the age of one also gets paid for four months. The minimum amount paid is about 229 dollars in U.S. currency and the maximum is about 1,743 dollars in U S currency. Work injury benefits depend on the degree of risk. According to the United States Social Security Administrations Office of Retirement and Disability, the accidents that occur while commuting to and from work are covered. To receive sickness assistance, the worker must have contributed to social security for at least twelve months prior to becoming ill. Workers who were already sick, or injured prior to joining social security are not entitled to the sickness benefit. Periodic visits to the doctor are required in order for the insured to keep their assistance. The monthly earnings for the sickness benefit are the same as the maternity benefit. Disability benefits are issued to those who have contributed twelve or more months or are unable to perform the duties of their job or work. If the accident happened as a result of performing a duty on the job the contribution period is waived. The amount paid is equal to one hundred percent of the average earnings. There are cases where the insured is not able to receive total disability because they are capable of performing some type of duties. The insured will then receive partial disability. The survivor pension is issued to one of two people; a partner, and or child or children under the age of twenty one.
The federal government funds a program called the Benefit of Continous Social Welare, also known as the BPC Program. this program recognizes the rights of the National...

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