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Social Psychoanalysis, Post Structuralism And German Philosophical Traditions

1859 words - 8 pages

Lacan’s theory is a form of structuralism because it expansively talks about the tenets of human culture. As advanced by the structuralism theory, human culture is understood from the idea that, there is a larger relationship between structures of human existence. Lacan posits that human culture stems from its relationship with overarching systems. Lacan’s theory argues that human phenomena do not have value without the relationship that ensues with other structures. In other words, Lacan is candid that culture is a product of the systems of structure that build up to a larger structure. According to Lacan, human existence derives its understanding from its ability to develop interrelations. ...view middle of the document...

II. In having an in-depth understanding of Lacan’s theory, it is important to know the meaning of the word symbolic as advanced by Lacan. He argues that symbolic is a jurisdiction of culture. Culture gives birth to the domain of the symbolic. The concepts of law and structure cannot exist without the interaction of the symbolic. Lacan points out that the symbolic domain is rooted in a linguistic perspective. Hence, without the symbolic-the linguistic dimension, it is not possible for the concept of structure to exist. Therefore, the symbolic is a tenet of culture that explains the relationship between different cultural components.
In advancing the psychoanalytic theory, Lacan asserts that the imaginary is the domain of images and imaginations. The imaginary displays what is not seen, and relates with the symbolic. Lacan highlights that the imaginary translates into illusions that often lead to deception. Based on the illusions created by the imaginary, Lacan asserts that the Ego and the imaginary order cause alienation. The alienation created between the Ego and the imaginary is relationship self-absorbed.
Lacan explains the real to a set of undifferentiated elements that do not have gaps. In his psychoanalytic theory, Lacan believes that the real is external to the symbolic order and resists any form of symbolization. Lacan highlights the real as the unconscious element influencing human personality. In this respect, the real is impossible to envision and integrate it with the symbolic order.
Desire is the ability to create and unearth a new presence in the world. In understanding human culture, desire is the relationship between humans and the lack that is presented in their space. The relationship between desire and lack prompts a structural connection between people and other components of culture.
III. From a critical evaluation, it is worth pointing out the German philosophical traditions are significant in influencing the works of Lacan. The psychoanalysis and structuralism advanced by Lacan carries pertinent aspects edging from German philosophies. However, his works also have divergent approaches from the works of traditional German philosophies. Lacan’s works continues from German philosophical traditions by extending the works of Immanuel Kant. According to Kant, the only way we can have an understanding of the external is through having experience about it. Kant posits that if humans can comprehend the causes and effects of phenomena, it is possible for them to understand their causes and effects. This is in line with Lacan’s works by positing that human culture stems from the interaction between cultural components. Lacan continues the works of German philosophical traditions by advancing the psychoanalytic theory that recognizes the interaction of social phenomena through structural components. It is the interaction between social phenomena, which gives understanding of the space between people. This implies that...

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