Social psychology is the study of the individual and the way they
behave according to those around them. Social psychology affects
nearly every aspect of our everyday lives such as the way in which we
form, develop and maintain our relationships with people ranging from
our parents to our friends, family and co workers.
There has been much research into social psychology, Such as the
factors that contribute to the formation of a relationship.
According to Rubin (1973) one of these factors is proximity. Rubin
stated that the closer we are to somebody physically the more likely
we are to form a relationship with him or her. This relates to
situations where we are often in close proximity with the same person
on people such as work or school.
Seeing the same person or people in everyday situations such as work
or school is also known as repeated exposure which Moreland and Beach
(1992) said aids the formation of relationships because the more we
see somebody the more we will like them.
Repeated exposure also breeds familiarity, which is another factor
that is needed for the formation of a relationship because if we
become familiar with a person we will become more accepting of their
According to Newcomb another key aid to the formation of relationships
is similarity because it becomes easier to form a relationship with
someone we have something in common with even if it is just the way we
There are also theories of why we form relationships. The first of
these is the social-biological approach, which states that our primary
motivation in forming a relationship is to ensure the ongoing survival
of our genes by promoting them to others. Basically this approach
suggests that any behaviour we carry out I selfish because the main
reason it is being carried out is to protect and promote our genes.
This theory of why we form a relationship relates to Charles Darwin’s
theory of evolution that states that creatures will adapt their