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Social Sciense Essay

5763 words - 23 pages

3º AÑOECONOMÍA Y CONTABILIDAD2014GUÍATEÓRICO-PRÁCTICAAUTOR:Prof. Claudio H. OlivetoEconomía y Contabilidad
ÁMBITO ECONÓMICO

EL HOMBRE
en su relación con el
ECONOMÍA POLÍTICA CULTURA TECNOLOGÍA
Vive en utiliza necesitaContexto
SOCIEDAD

ENCUESTAS ENTREVISTAS ESTADÍSTICAS POLÍTICAS ECONÓMICAS

LA ORGANIZACIÓN
Por lo cual se creanrequiereNutre
SOCIEDADES COMERCIALES

SISTEMAS DE INFORMACIÓN

AMBIENTE EXTERNO
proviene
AMBIENTE INTERNO
Que utilizan
REGISTRACIÓN CONTABLE

DOCUMENTOS COMERCIALES
que respaldan laUNIDAD 1 : El Universo EconómicoLa Economía cuenta con recursos naturales (bosques, minerales), bienes (libros, máquinas) y capacidad del hombre (inteligencia, creatividad) para satisfacer las necesidades de los hombres.En el circuito económico encontramos dos unidades económicas fundamentales: Unidad de Consumo (familias) y Unidad de Producción (empresas). La primera ofrece a la segunda los Factores Productivos (naturaleza, trabajo, capital y dirección) a cambio la unidad de producción le retribuye con Ingresos (renta, salario, interés y beneficio). Con los factores productivos la unidad de Producción produce Bienes y Servicios que se los entregan a la unidad de Consumo a cambio de un Precio.Factores Productivos : Todo proceso productivo implica la concurrencia de los factores que hacen posible esa producción de bienes y servicios.
Trabajo: mano de obra.

Capital: equipo físico, que constituye los recursos productivos (materia prima, maquinaria, etc.).

Naturaleza: recursos naturales.

Dirección: conducción, administración.

Moneda - MercadoLas primeras transacciones comerciales se desarrollaron a través del trueque. Luego surgió la necesidad de utilizar una unidad de cambio de aceptación generalizada que se denominó moneda.La moneda cumple estas funciones elementales: Medida de todos los valores, medio de divisibilidad y medio de atesoramiento.La moneda puede ser metálica y billetes (el circulante de un país).El concepto de dinero es más amplio que el de moneda. El dinero es el intermediario de todos los cambios. Tiene tres funciones: Medio de compra indeterminado.Medio de pagoReserva de valorLas clases de dinero son: dinero metálico, dinero corriente, dinero bancario, dinero plástico y dinero electrónico.Precio : Es el valor de un bien o servicio expresado en dinero.Precio de Costo: Es el precio que representa los gastos para poder producir o comprar un bien o servicio.Precio de Venta: Es el precio de costo más un porcentaje de utilidad.Precio Fijo o Uniforme: Para ciertos bienes o servicios de gran interés social.Precio Máximo o tope: En defensa de los consumidores (artículos de primera necesidad).Precio...

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