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Socioeconomic Stratification Through Davis And Moore's Functional Theory

1030 words - 4 pages


Today we classify people into groups based on their shared socio economic conditions, or interpersonal set of inequalities. When people are classified into these groups, greater status, power or certain privileges are granted to some and not to others. This is known as social stratification. This concept illustrates the advantages and disadvantages that one will acquire; depending on how qualified an individual is, in order to meet the needs of society. Although, Davis and Moore’s theory demonstrates how social stratification and inequality are positively functional and therefore necessary, it is relevantly important because it encourages people to take on the more complicated and important tasks, when basic rewards are given to the most skillful and qualified individuals.
Davis and Moore’s functional theory is a systematic demonstration that shows the classification of individuals into groups based on their shared socio-economic conditions. It is both positively useful and necessary, although displaying another aspect of inequality. The theory clearly points out that “the functional view of social stratification as necessary, to meet the needs of complex social systems” (Kerbo, 2012:120). From this we can understand that the theory shows that by grouping individuals based on their socio economic conditions, it exposes the various inequalities within society, yet proves to be necessary. The talents and skills of individuals are considered a tool according to the Davis and Moore’s theory. For this reason, it ensures that one’s skill will make them suitable for a position in society. To better understand this, we must understand Davis and Moore’s seven point labor and market theory to see the distinguishing factors, for example, a person’s position or job is to be worked by the most skilled and capable individuals. It not only is highly necessary, but it ensures that the best possible individual is in a position to help contribute to the well-being of society as a whole.
Davis and Moore’s theory, in seven points explains that certain positions in society are more imperative than others, and requires people to have special talents to fulfill them. For this reason, there is a restricted number of people that possess this ability. One’s talent is seen to be something that can be transformed into a skill. We can understand that some people may be suitable, while others may not. With this, it often leads un-skilled workers with less opportunity to fit into a position in society. The theory also states, in the transition of any talent into skill, there is a process of “Training” which may call for any person who is skillful and are going through preparation to make such sacrifices. For example, one’s free time, would require certain sacrifices in order to improve your talent and turn it into a skill. At the end of this process, Davis and Moore’s theory places emphasis on the fact that after the process of training, there must be a reward presented...

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