Social Theory From Marx Point Of View Umass Darthmouth Soc202 Social Theory

1430 words - 6 pages

Christy Smith
CJS 205
Jean Robertson
Karl Marx is known to be one of the greatest influential thinkers and writers of modern times and the one who put the wheels in motion when it came to Communism and Socialism. Through his writing Marx introduced the differences between classes and what is known as the conflict theory. The conflict theory looks at social interactions and how they occur through conflict. Everyday people engage in a conflict in one way or another to gain power in society. There was a widening gap that accorded as the industrial revolution moved forward in society causing a gap between the structures of classes. The Communist Manifesto by Marx was written in 1848 lays down his theories on socialism. During Marx time Europe’s upper class was very over powering this made the people willing and eager to listen to the message Marx was trying to portray. There were many countries that failed when it came to socioeconomic and political structures, for example the one mentioned in class about the USSR. Marx’s goal for writing the Communist Manifesto was to create an equal society of social classes by ending the exploitation of the working class.
According to Marx there are two different types of social classes: the proletarians and the bourgeoisies. In the Communist Manifesto Marx believes that the bourgeoisies are being exploited buy the proletarians. The relationship between the bourgeoisies and the proletariat were based upon the class conflict and exploitation. Marxism defines the bourgeoisie to be well educated, professionals, officials who had money also known as the middle-class people that owned the means of production in a capitalist society. During the nineteenth – century the meaning of the bourgeoisie was a term workers used when referring to their employer and urban landlords were also called “bourgeois” by peasants. The bourgeoisies had controlled pretty much everything due to the amount of wealth they had. When industrialization occurred, the industrial goods needed to be produced in factories and because of this the two different classes to emerge more clearly. The owners were known as the bourgeoisie and the workers were known as the proletarians. A unique class system was formed from the lever of production and division of labor. Marx suggests that all classes in history developed as a result of the class struggle; which is to say, the main dynamic behind change is the struggle between two classes that leads to historical social transformation. Marx’s main argument is that the capitalist system is a class-based society. Industrial capital society emerged as a result of a class struggle.
According to Marx the bourgeoisie are a class that was developed during the modern industry time when the world market was formed, this fast paced industry helped the bourgeoisies to develop. The bourgeoisies were a very revolution class and because of this the system has changed the feudal relations into relation of cash payment.

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