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Socialisation Essay

1541 words - 6 pages

By nature, humans are social creatures. In order to survive, individuals need tofulfill more than their physical requirements. Interactions with others in the communityassists people to become culturally alert, a process that makes possible an enduringsociety. The complex and ubiquitous learning process, through which children developan awareness of social norms and values, and achieve a distinct sense of self in order tobecome functional members in a society, is referred to as socialisation.This essay will use an extensive collection of texts to examine the process ofsocialisation, articulating how such a process contributes to society as a whole.Socialisation is a life long learning process that is essential to human existenceand development. The understanding of societies norms; the conceptions of appropriateand expected behavior, enables the individual to internalise society's values, andplay out a variety of roles in order to produce behavior consistent with cultural ideals.An instance of this occurs when a young child learns to share her toys with otherchildren, a skill which is applied in adulthood.As society reproduces itself, cultural values transmit and are renewed. This isevident in the increase of women in the workplace, in previous generations the woman'srole was more of a domestic nature.Society is always shifting and people are frequently faced with learning how tobehave in innovative and diverse conditions. Therefore, when examining thesocialisation process, two basic types of socialization may be identified.Primary socialisation occurs between the individual and those people in their lifewith whom they directly have chief relationships with, over an extended period of time.In a family group a child actively learns many of the basic characteristics of being afunctional member of society. They acquire many skills such as the advancement oftheir psychological development, as they learn what constitutes an immoral act.In direct contrast to this, a secondary socialisation is resembles rather impersonalassociations; the context is much more formal and roles tend to be highly structured.For example, the formation of parliamentary committees devised to address communityviews on legislation regarding injecting rooms.However, the process of secondary socialisation is necessary because it representsthe way humans start to learn about the nature of the social world beyond their primarycontacts; an essential part of socialisation should they desire to successfully be a part ofthe wider society.One of the most essential aspects of socialization is the individual's obtainmentof a sense of self, the unique set of traits, behaviors and attitudes that distinguishes oneperson from the next, and acts as both a passive and active source of behavior. Thisobtainment of the self occurs interactively between the individual and the community,rather than being 'determined' by society. Individuals are created and styled by theirsocial environment; in turn,...

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