Socialisation After Adolescence Essay

1702 words - 7 pages

Essay Summary
1) Adult socialization is a time of learning new roles and statuses.
2) Peer Groups are strong socializing agents for adolescents who are still trying to find their own identity.
3) Radio, television, cinema, newspapers, magazines, music, and the Internet are powerful agents of socialization.
4) The state almost shapes our life cycle.
5) School plays a major role in socializing adolescents. It is a place of education where the individual learns to socialize with both authority (teachers) and peers.
6) As parents of school-aged children, adults are confronted by a range of socialization forces from school.
7) As one moves out of adolescence new, tensions and agents of socialization affect the individual’s life namely, work, marriage and parenthood.

Socialization does not end after childhood. It is a life long process. In this essay, we will look at the most important agents of Socialization from adolescence onward. First, We will look at adult Socialization and Re-Socialization. We will also look at some important agents of Socialization such as mass media, school, peer groups, state and more.

Adult Socialization and Re-Socialization
Adult Socialization is a time of learning new roles and statuses. As Tischler cited, adult Socialization is different from primary Socialization. Adults become more aware that they are being socialised. They will actually do advanced education and on-the-job training. Adults also have more control over Socialization and therefore want to learn more or make the best of opportunities.

Re-Socialization as Tischler notes, “involves exposure to ideas or values that in one way or another conflict with what we learned in childhood. An example of Re-Socialization could be coming to university. This new environment has changed many people’s views. Many of the things their parents have taught them are now being re-analyzed. Re-Socialization can bring about changes in religion and political beliefs. For instance, one might convert from being catholic and become enlightened by new age values.

Peer groups
Peer Groups are strong socializing agents for adolescents who are still trying to find their own identity. The adolescent struggles with being a part of a group and being themselves. Peer groups usually consist of people of similar ages and social status.” The dictionary meaning of the word “peer” is: “and equal in civil standing, or rank, equal in any respect” (Datta A, 1984, 67).

It should be noted that gender differences in the peer groups do exist. As Schaefer and Lamm cited, males usually spend more time with a group of males whereas females seem to have a single close female friend (1994). These differences in emotional intimacy show that females have strong emotional ties and males prefer group activity.

Peer groups aid in letting the individuals gain independence from parents however most adolescents remain emotionally and economically dependent on parents (Schaefer RT...

Find Another Essay On Socialisation After Adolescence

Shashi Deshpande’s Dark Holds no Terrors

3100 words - 12 pages specialized gendered spaces that permit or forbid natural advancement of children. Indian social system is constructed in such a way that boys are always given preference over girls. The increased attention on the boys gradually leads to the inattention of girl children whose life seems to be in crisis. Literary works which appeared in the recent times, evidently after the 1980s highlight the discrimination faced by girl children in a larger scale

Inequality in Life Essay

2311 words - 9 pages middle-class students tend to have different sets of values and goals which act in opposition to one another, as a result underachievement in schools may be attributed to a child’s attitude that what they are being taught will have little relevance to their current or future life. Once more these set of values does not suddenly appear during schooling but can be implanted into pre fives as they undergo their initial socialisation process

Tragedy of Tormented Teenagers: Mental Illness Hits One in Four

1894 words - 8 pages , and seek for the measures to promote the mental health of the young. Adolescence is a stressful period for most of adolescents and young people become vulnerable to mental illness during this time. During this transitional period towards independent adulthood, adolescents experience physical changes with the onset of puberty as well as cognitive, emotional and social development (McGorry & Goldstone, 2011). Adolescents face massive changes in

Why can't one approach to psychology describe all human behaviour?

2505 words - 10 pages genitals.Five -12 years is the Latency Period. Peer group activities take over the child's libido, and the child becomes de-sexualised. The previous stages of sexual pleasure are stored in the unconscious part of the child's mind.12 - 16 years becomes the Adolescence and puberty period. The child's previous feelings of sexual arousal re-appear and the child starts to experiment until 'normal' genitality is achieved.16 years onwards is when the child

Child Abuse in the region

3797 words - 15 pages difficulty walking. There may also be swelling, itching, and painful cuts in the genital or anal area. Genital discharges are often common as well as sexually transmitted infections and even pregnancy in adolescence. Child sexual abuse includes touching and non-touching behaviours. Touching behaviours include:1. Touching a child's genitals such as the penis, testicles, vulva, breast, or anus for sexual pleasure or for other unnecessary reasons.2

Literature Review of the Experiences of Obese Children

2857 words - 12 pages reviewed and what type they were, e.g. 5 qualitative studies, 6 quantitative studies, 3 systematic reviews etc. This could take the form of a summary table. Research Knowledge Practitioner knowledge 2.4 Data Analysis Chapter 3 – Findings 3.1 Research Aim 3.2 Research Objective 3.3 Key Trends in the Data - Social Development There are two functions of social development, the first being socialisation. This is a process where children learn

Consumer Socialization: Children as Future Consumers

4540 words - 18 pages ) and even when they acquire new roles in life (Mergenhagen, 1994), for example being a husband or wife, father of mother. However, many still believe that the majority of learning process takes place in childhood and adolescence (Zhou, 2010). Consumer socialization Scott Ward (1974) first defined consumer socialization as the “processes by which young people acquire skills, knowledge, and attitudes relevant to their functioning as consumers in the

Anxiety in Children with Autism - Literature Review

5460 words - 22 pages is related to larger deterioration in social receptivity, lack of social skills and incessant behaviours (Sukodolsky, 2008, Chang, Quan & Wood, 2012 & Spiker et al, 2012). Children with ASD experience anxiety or depressing due to having ASD itself (e.g from issues in communication and socialisation) or due to lack of trust and shunning social interplay that may seem uncertain or obtrusive (APA, 2013). A review of 31 studies of anxiety in

When the Bubble Burst

1539 words - 6 pages , and there is no assurance that the toxic assets are going to be worth anything in the future. Boskin notes, “ Estimates on the losses on U.S. loans and securities range from under $1 trillion to almost $4 trillion. The International Monetary Fund puts them at $2.7 trillion, but the range of uncertainty is enormous.” (Boskin 2) After the housing market crashed I wondered why the banks received all the funds and not the borrowers who had lost

phase diagram

4456 words - 18 pages consisted of a stir plate, ring stand, Erlenmeyer flask, ice water bath, and a GLX temperature probe. The temperature probe was set to take a data point every second. A stir bar was added to the ice water bath to ensure a uniform temperature throughout the bath, and thus more uniform cooling of the samples. A beaker of boiling water was set up on a hot plate in order to melt the samples. After adjusting the various settings of the probe, the

Revolutionary Work of Art

1890 words - 8 pages Walter Benjamin emphasizes in his essay, “The Work of Art in the Age of its Technological Reproducibility” that technology used to make an artwork has changed the way it was received, and its “aura”. Aura represents the originality and authenticity of a work of art that has not been reproduced. The Sistine Chapel in the Vatican is an example of a work that has been and truly a beacon of art. It has brought a benefit and enlightenment to the art

Similar Essays

Motor Development And Socialisation In Sport

3877 words - 16 pages IntroductionThe main factors identified as being important to socialisation of children into sport and physical activity are family, peers, self-esteem (attitude), opportunity and social perceptions. Social development can have a profound effect on physical development. 'The most important means of learning societal rules and expectations is through social interaction, which is also true for human movement' (Payne and Isaacs 1995:60).Family is

Criminology A Discussion Of Gender Criminology Essay

2128 words - 9 pages come from old-age stigmatisations of gender roles and how modernity is countering this with new movements and platforms. In the vast majority of different societies, it is understood there are different roles for men and women; a man would be the ‘breadwinner’ who earns money to support the family while the woman would be a homemaker, make a comfortable space for the man to relax in after a hard day at work. This is what is known as a gender role

Psychological And Sociological Factors In Smoking Addiction

2457 words - 10 pages at their parents as role models and they are key foundation of the child’s “primary socialisation”. Parents’ influence is vital, especially during the early stage of their children’s life (Chignell, 1990). The adolescence stage is extremely crucial in establishing people’s smoking and non-smoking behaviour. One factor that encourages them is having parents who smoke tobacco. However, if a family who introduced and support their children and

The Differential Association Reinforcement Theory Of Criminal Behaviour

2868 words - 11 pages until the child’s preference changes as they mature into adolescence. Skinner was however; clear that reinforcement was more effective than punishment for achieving required behaviours. In operant conditioning, the stimulus comes after the behaviour. Essentially, this means that behaviour can only be repeated or avoided after reinforcement or punishment has been delivered to the participant. In effect, then, the reinforcement or punishment is the