Socialism In The Labour Party Essay

2007 words - 8 pages

Socialism in the Labour Party

Socialism is defined in the oxford English as a "political and
economic theory of social organisation that advocates that community
as a whole should own and control the means of production,
distribution, and exchange." Philosophically this fitted the labour
party and it's roots. When the labour party was founded in 1900 four
constituent elements were instrumental in its make-up. Theses four
elements were: the trade unions, the social democrat federation, the
Fabians and the Independent labour party. They all needed socialism
although only the Social Democrat Federation had a strong ideology.
These groups produced a version of moderate evolutionary socialism
with an idea of a fairer more just society. They claimed human nature
was collectivist not individualist and could reach perfection. To
reach this state intervention was needed to run industry- for the
collective good. Labour, like all political parties, has changed and
evolved over the years, it has most definitely moved away from it's
roots and is by no means as socialist as it was. But is it still
socialist at all? In order to find this out I will explore the context
of old labour and socialism, the ideological debate, organisation and
structural changes, changes in policy and policy-making, and Blair's
'New Labour' government.

Traditionally Labour had won less electoral campaigns than the
Conservatives but it had secured a large amount of the working-class
vote and become the second force in British politics. Because of
labour's origins it paid more attention to internal democracy in its
organisational structure than the other parties. To do this it divided
policy formulation between the Annual party conference and the
leadership, the variety of interpretations of socialism which labour
were committed to made the party seem more divided than the
Conservatives. This is one of the reasons the party changed so
dramatically. Geoghegan illustrates this problem succinctly saying,
"the key problem in defining socialism, as with all ideologies, is
that of adequately capturing similarity and difference; showing what
unites socialists without minimising the tremendous differences that
separate them." The danger is that one will either reduce socialism
down to core essentials or simply give a historical narrative. Labours
idea of socialism changed not only form old to new labour but from
different stages of old labour. Before the representation of the
peoples act labour was essentially a fringe party and as such had
little responsibility except to itself. In Labours first time in
office it changed its policies dramatically opting for a safer, tried
and tested scheme of government, although this may have been due to
economic problems at that time. Labours aims changed again when Tony

Find Another Essay On Socialism in the Labour Party

The Labour Governments of 1924 and 1929-31 Demonstrated that the Labour Party was Fit to Govern

1207 words - 5 pages The Labour Governments of 1924 and 1929-31 Demonstrated that the Labour Party was Fit to Govern In March 1924, the Conservative party lost of vote of confidence, and a minority Labour government came into power for the first time in their history. Again, in 1929, the Labour government came in to power as a minority government. The main focus of their reigns in power, was not as complicated as how well they improved the

Why did the Labour Party rise so rapidly from having only 29 MPs in 1906 to forming a government in 1924

1699 words - 7 pages Why did the Labour Party rise so rapidly from having only 29 MPs in 1906 to forming a government in 1924The Rise of the Labour Party or to be more precise its birth is seen as a very complex issue. However Pelling gives us some idea as to how it came to being. He argues that it was because of the "enfranchisement of the manual workers in 1867 and in 1884 tended to increase the electoral importance of "labour" and its leaders. However he argues

"Explain the impact that the dismissal of Gough Whitlam and the labour party has had on the civic life of Australia in the twentieth century."

895 words - 4 pages the government, if the Labor Party provided any "reprehensible circumstances" that would force him to do so. When the loans scandals broke, Malcolm Fraser saw his chance to bring down the Labor Government. Attempting to raise $4 billion dollars was in itself reprehensible, but for two senior Ministers (Cairns and Connor) to mislead Parliament about their activities, and for the Prime Minister to mislead the public that loan-seeking had ceased

The Effect of the Three Consecutive General Elections on the Labour Party

941 words - 4 pages The Effect of the Three Consecutive General Elections on the Labour Party During the 1980’s the conservative party was, without doubt, the dominant party in England. They had overcome such opposition in the form of trade unionists and their ideology was approved. The general election of June 11, 1987 was the third victory in a row for Margaret Thatcher and the Conservatives. She was the first leader since the

Socialism versus Capitalism in The Jungle by Upton Sinclair

1662 words - 7 pages Socialism versus Capitalism in The Jungle by Upton Sinclair Even before the beginning of the twentieth century, the debate between socialists and capitalists has raged. In The Jungle, by Upton Sinclair, he portrays capitalism as the cause of all evils in society. Sinclair shows the horrors of capitalism. In The Gospel of Wealth, by Andrew Carnegie, he portrays capitalism as a system of opportunity. However, both Carnegie and Sinclair had

Outline the changes in the Australian labour market since 1980.

4539 words - 18 pages Outline the changes in the Australian labour market since 1980. What impact do you consider that these changes have had on the industrial relations system in Australia?Industrial relations can be defined as the government regulated interaction between employers and their representatives with employees and their representatives in pursuit of their respective objectives. It interacts between management and the employees. There are a variety of

Second-party system in the 1800s

842 words - 3 pages Differences between political parties, during around the time James Monroe was president in 1817, was not a problem. The Era of Good Feelings, as it was called, was a time when there was a single-party system. This was so, because the Federalist party was no longer a national party and the only national party that remained was the Democratic Republicans. The Democratic-Republicans diverged into two different parties, the Democrats and the Whigs

Sexism in the Black Panther Party

1633 words - 7 pages Guns in hand, more than two dozen Black Panthers promenaded into the California State Legislature to rebel against a gun-control bill. This excessive stunt increased the recognition of the Black Panther Political Party making them the new leaders and image of the Black Power Movement and from this they have gained many supporters, worldwide, for their ideology of black nationalism (Joseph 210). In the midst of a non-violent movement, the

Speer’s Rise in the Nazi Party

1375 words - 6 pages Speer’s Rise in the Nazi Party Albert Speer rose from a mere architect to be one of the most influential Nazi leaders of the Third Reich, and self-admittedly Hitler’s closest friend. As a young, struggling architect Speer joined the Nazi Party as a ‘Septemberling’, and subsequently began to design many of the displays and structures that succeeded in promoting the Fuhrer Myth. Within the NSDAP Speer progressed to

The Republican Party in Sinclair Lewis' Babbitt

2033 words - 8 pages The Republican Party in Sinclair Lewis' Babbitt          Sinclair Lewis' Babbitt portrayed a man bent on following his political party; his actions seemingly followed that religiously, and today's version of the Republican Party is proof that we are not too far off from Lewis' version, despite the expanse of time. George Babbitt, the main character in Lewis' novel, viewed the world in the eyes of a businessman. He saw immigrants as a

Martin Bormann's role in the Nazi Party.

1757 words - 7 pages Martin Bormann was a prominent Nazi who served as Private Secretary to Adolf Hitler and by the early 1940s had become head of the Parteikanzlerei (Party Chancellery). Despite his apparent lack of skill and imprisonment for murder in the 1920s, Bormann rose through the German ranks, eventually wielding a huge amount of power in administering Hitler's personal finances, paperwork, appointments and ultimately controlling all information. However

Similar Essays

Labour Party In Britain In The Years 1924 31

3095 words - 12 pages vicious rumours about Socialism. MacDonald was determined to disprove these fears, particularly Churchill’s jibe that a Labour Party would “not be fit to govern”. Since the Prime Minister is an integral part of a government, it will also be important to look at the competency of MacDonald himself. Labour came to power in 1923, even though they had not actually won the 1923 election, and were therefore not the

Why The Labour Party Won The Election In 1945

961 words - 4 pages Why the Labour Party Won the Election in 1945 The Labour Party won the general election in 1945, with Clement Attlee returning as Prime Minister. The state of play was that Labour has won 314 seats, the Conservatives 294. Socialism was not widely recognised until 1945. The majority of people were almost frightened by it. This was because Russia was a socialist state, promoting communism. When Russia proved to be a

Labour Party And The New Liberalist Ideas

1453 words - 6 pages , but now that William has returned to his homeland, he is devoted to the Labour Party and New Liberalism ideas. He hoped to live out his “after war years” hoping to experience equality for all. The Labour Party began forming in the late century 1800s and the early 1900s. William returned to England in the early 1900s before the war. Much to his surprise, ship working was not as big of an industry as when he left . William enlisted in the First

Socialism In The Jungle Essay

1486 words - 6 pages . According to Sinclair, the socialist movement would require a complete restructuring of society as it was known. In theory, socialism advocates the ownership and control of the means of production, capital, land, and property by the society as a whole, and their administration and distribution in the interests of all. The socialist party pushed for a society in which everything is common ground and all people are equal with no regards to class or