Socialization Essay

1261 words - 5 pages

Introduction to Sociology Socialization2. What is socialization? The process by which humans adopt or learn the culture of a group Primary Socialization - initial socialization by primary caretakers into society; learn societal culture Secondary Socialization - later life socialization into different groups3. Why is it important? What happens when a child isn't socialized? Aksana, Genie Raises issues of cognitive development along with physiological and biological development... What does this say about us as animals? nature and nurture work together What happens when a member of a group is not adequately socialized? What happens when a member of society is not adequately socialized?4. Socialization - The Process How are we socialized into groups? You first have to understand the Social Self (Mead and Cooley) the self - part of an individual's personality composed of self-awareness and self-image self develops through social interaction (exchange of symbols - ergo, symbolic interaction) humans respond to "intended" meaning and not just the action As part of self development, we take on roles, which helps us understand others' intentions Eventually, we don't need to take a role to see others' perspectives; we develop: A looking-glass self - we see ourselves how others see us5.6. Social Self (Cont'd) We develop a "self" through social interaction - taking on the roles of others to understand how they see us What does this have to do with socialization? All groups include roles can think of roles like "a role in a play" - certain people act in certain ways to become a member of a group you must learn the roles of the group you can then adopt one of those roles or create a new one based on the existing roles What are some of the roles of the groups to which you belong? How did you learn these?7. Some Socialized Behaviors What types of behaviors are we socialized into? gender (do we "do" gender; is it an "act"; is there some biology to this?) religion (all babies are atheists) society members school family? What does socialization ultimately mean? We learn the "culture" of a group in order to join the group? Does socialization end? secondary socialization new job; moving to a new country; joining a fraternity/sorority8. Who does the socializing? Existing group members: parents siblings school (educators and staff) friends co-workers classmates sorority sisters and fraternity brothers other military recruits How do they do it? Other socializing agents? television media How?9. Social Class and Education Does social class influence socialization? How? Working-class parents encourage obedience middle- and upper-class parents encourage creativity Why? Education as socializing agent… What is the manifest purpose of education? Latent purpose? football vs. academics vs. social life10. Peers vs. Parents Which has the more lasting, profound effect on individuals - peers or parents? post-adolescence, parental religiosity is not a very good predictor of...

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