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Societal, Political, And Economical Changes In Puerto Rico

2643 words - 11 pages

Puerto Rico and Cuba are known to be the two wings of the same bird, mostly because of their great similarities in history, culture, and struggles; yet, because of their differences in achieving their goals of self-government. Cuba was able to have full independence from Spain and have its own form of government; nonetheless, Puerto Rico, after achieving its independence from Spain, was annexed by the United States of America toward the conclusion of the Spanish-American War. Both of these islands, under Spanish rule, survived violent political policies and excessive military personnel in their lands and were able to achieve a form of sovereignty. Puerto Rico and Cuba were the final colonies of Spain in the Western Hemisphere; Cuba gained independence, yet Puerto Rico achieved a different form of sovereignty by becoming a territory of the United States. Moreover, this annexation of Puerto Rico with the US creates a democratic form of colonization; known popularly as a Commonwealth, but to the world Puerto Rico is still known as the oldest colony in the world.
It is believed by many that 1898 was a year of liberation and domination because of the Spanish-American War (García 39). After the war had concluded Puerto Rico had finally, after centuries of Spanish rule, been free of the tyrannical policies of the Spanish government in the island; moreover, this led to the clear pavement of the path for domination of the island of Puerto Rico by the United States. For the years to come once the US takes control of Puerto Rico, US military leaders in order to create a stable political, economical, and social environment governed the people of Puerto Rico. After years of legislation and negotiations from Puerto Rico’s leadership, in 1952 Governor Luis Muñoz Marín was able to put into effect the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (in their Spanish denotation known as “Estado Libre Asociado) under Jones’ Law and all people inhabitant of Puerto Rico became a US citizen, if desired; in addition, a law known as Law 600 was implemented to the policies of Jones’ Law that granted the people of Puerto Rico sovereignty under the protection of the United States of America and they were allowed to compose their own state Constitution, complying with the federal laws of the US and its Constitution. This was a pivotal era in Puerto Rican history, and a symbolic one, due to the fact that they were able to govern themselves and that their leaders are representative of the people of Puerto Rico and not of a distant country in control of them; furthermore, the single-starred flag of Puerto Rico had finally been risen for the first time in its history.
Puerto Rico, during the wars of independence of many other Latin American countries, was used as place to seek political asylum for those that were loyal to the Spanish crown. However, by the 19th century, a new generation of creoles with liberal roots began a new era in Puerto Rico of political and civil thought of an...

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