Statement of the Problem
As countries pursue development and industrialization the need to build urban areas become certain. The lack of urban cities will cause people in the rural areas wants to move to the urban areas. Every person wants a standard of living better than where is he now. Therefore the drive to migrate to urban areas becomes obvious. Rural to urban migration leads to a loss of man power in the rural areas to work on the farm lands. It will lead to the declining of agriculture. It also leads to congestion in the urban areas therefore unemployment level will raise because people would fight over limited jobs. Poor housing situation will also increase because people from the rural areas choose to stay in an area near their jobs or livelihood because they can save a lot of money instead of using it for transportation. Informal settlers can cause a dispute with the government regarding with their place. The crime level will also increase it is because people who are desperate to earn money or wanted an easy way to earn money without hard work they choose the path of evil which can be destructive to people’s life and can affect the development of an area.
Rural to urban migration will increase the man power in urban areas but people who would win in this situation are people who own businesses and industries because labor would be cheap. The lack of job opportunities drives people in rural area to migrate to urban area and it can cause a problem similar to “brain drain” on rural areas. Rural to urban migration also have a positive effect like sending money from work in urban area to their family in rural area, it would increase their household income and can improve their quality of life.
The objective of the research paper is to examine the positive and negative of socio-economic effects caused by migration from rural to urban areas. This type of migration is one of the factors that affect the development of the country. In developing countries like the Philippines, rural to urban migration is rampant. My research would also study if rural to urban migration has more negative effects than the positive effects or vice versa. I would add more reviews of other literature if my findings would lead me to new information that would assist me in making my paper. It is because the issue I chose is current and trending. Maybe new information would be published or provided within the time of my research.
Review of Literature
In the research paper of Olayiwola (n.d.) he studied the perception of rural to urban migration in some selected rural communities in Ondo State, Nigeria. He showed different factors that affects the rural to urban migration and the effects. In order to lessen rural to urban migration Olayiwola recommends providing functional social needs like electricity in the rural areas. His study also recommended that good schools and qualified teachers should be available in the rural area to...