Socioeconomic Impacts Of Hiv On Kenyan Health Care

2313 words - 10 pages

Socioeconomic Impacts of HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) on the Kenyan Health Care

By Group 5
Nahita Zafimahova 631812
Amadi Tasha Lulu 635227
Jaffer Nadeera Karim 632016
Anne Nduta Gathoga 633410

Human Physiology (NSC2205)
Submitted on April 1st, 2014 to Dr. Apollo Maima
Table of Contents
Introduction 2
What is HIV? 2
Signs and Symptoms of HIV/AIDS 2-3
Health Impacts of HIV 3
Impacts of HIV/AIDS
Social 3-4
Economic – Individual 5
Economic – Health Care 5-6
Recommendations 6-7
Conclusion 7
References 7-8

What is HIV?
HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which is a lentivirus virus that attacks the immune system of the human causing the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). The virus spreads through body fluids that affect specific immune system cells known as CD4 cells or T cells (Center for Disease Control and Prevention , 2014). When the virus destroys a significant number of the cells, the body becomes unable to fight off infections and diseases. This leads to AIDS, a condition whereby progressive failure of the human immune system permits life-threatening opportunistic infections to thrive. Once is infected with HIV, the individual lives with it for the remainder of his or her life. Prevailing scientific knowledge demonstrates that the body cannot rid itself of HIV as it does with other viruses.
Signs and Symptoms of HIV/AIDS
Within two to four weeks of exposure to the virus, some people report having flu-like symptoms, which include: fever, enlarged lymph nodes, sore throat, and a rash (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). A person may experience these for as little as a few days to as much as several weeks. Although the virus may not be detected by an HIV test, individuals who have contracted it are highly infectious. It is also important to note that other diseases may cause the symptoms listed above. Thus, the best way to be sure of one’s HIV status is to be tested for the same, in order to take the necessary steps following the results.
Health Impacts of HIV
Among the health impacts of HIV are opportunistic infections that take advantage of the weakened immune system and attack the body. These infections can result in devastating illnesses, and are the most common cause of death for people infected with HIV (AIDS.GOV, 2010). Individuals infected with the virus are also at risk of contracting Hepatitis B or C, tuberculosis, and Type 2 diabetes. At times, oral opportunistic infections such as candidiasis are the first indicator that an individual’s immune system is not working properly (AIDS.GOV, 2010). Persons living with HIV are more susceptible to conditions such as: oral warts, canker sores, gum disease, fever blisters, oral hairy leukoplakia, and thrush. Other potential HIV related health problems include cancer, cardiovascular health issues, and kidney disease. In addition, there are psychological/psychiatric health problems (for example...

Find Another Essay On Socioeconomic Impacts of HIV on Kenyan Health Care

Socioeconomic Factors and the Health of Individuals

1720 words - 7 pages ). Therefore, sociologists being aware of the impacts of social structure and lifestyle on health have put in various efforts to place the study of ‘the social’ at the core of health and healthcare examination. The essay will be looking at , poverty, employment and unemployment, poor diets as determinants of health in this context amongst other factors such as housing, mental health, social support network, education, culture, individual

Impacts Of Socio Cultural Values On Child Health

8350 words - 34 pages Impacts of socio-cultural values on child health in FaisalabadAbstractSocial and cultural values play an important and dynamic role in every human society. Every social and cultural value has its own customs which have significant influence on child and human health. One child dies in the country every minute from transmittable disease. Resultantly, Pakistan is facing very high child mortality rate among developing countries. The researcher is

Impacts of Natural Disasters on Public Health and the Environment

1735 words - 7 pages Impacts of Natural Disasters on Public Health and the Envrionment Deborah Lomas Environmental Science IPFW March 31, 2014 Introduction The occurrences of natural disasters have been increasing over the years (Laframboise, M. N., & Loko, M. B., 2012). The impacts of natural disasters can vary widely with the type and severity of the disaster as well as with the preparedness of the affected populations. According to Laframboise, M

Impacts of Exercise on Mental Health and Learning

827 words - 4 pages There are many benefits of exercise on the human body, not only physical, but mental. Research has proved that exercise can benefit your mental health and your ability to learn. Exercise has many positive effects on patients suffering from a mental health disorder, such as depression or anxiety. Exercise releases chemicals in the brain called serotonin, which is a mood booster. The chemical can combat depression and help alleviate some of the

Effects of the Recession on Health Care

663 words - 3 pages who have health insurance. In some health care facilities in the United States, doctors are unable to perform surgery on persons who do not have an adequate insurance coverage that can cover the expenses of the surgery. In this way the individual is left in a state of poor health. Persons constantly live in the fear of not knowing whether or not their loved ones would ever become seriously ill. This is due to the monopolies of the government

Effects of Socioeconomic Status on Children

1817 words - 7 pages ). Family socioeconomic status, parent expectations, and a child's achievement, Research in Education. Volume 90, pages 53-67. Mathur, Charu, Erickson, Darin J., Stigler, Melissa H., Forster, Jean L., Finnegan Jr, John R. (2013). Individual and Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status Effects on Adolescent Smoking: A Multilevel Cohort-Sequential Latent Growth Analysis, American Journal of Public Health. Volume 103, pages 543-548. Schmitt-Wilson, Sarah (2013

Technology and Impacts on Human Health

702 words - 3 pages Research efforts have been focused on the impacts of new technology on human health. One of the leading new factors is the technology of cell phones, which is predicted to have more than 1.3 billion worldwide users by the 2005. Cell phones have been of the fastest growing industries. Today most people have portable phones in their home, and/or cell phones. Theses devices are connecting people in convenient ways as their cost declines with the

Impact of Interior Design on Health Care Facilities

2555 words - 11 pages How important is an interior designed space in a health care facility ? How has the design of health care facility evolved in these years ? Does that have an impact on the perception and mind of patients? What does it take to layout a perfect strategic design solution ? These are some of the questions that we shall brainstorm in this essay. Furthermore about the latest trends in

Dangers of Budget Cuts on Mental Health Care

1549 words - 6 pages Continuing budget cuts on mental health care create negative and detrimental impacts on society due to increased improper care for mentally ill, public violence, and overcrowding in jails and emergency rooms. Origins, of mental health as people know it today, began in 1908. The movement initiated was known as “mental hygiene”, which was defined as referring to all things preserving mental health, including maintaining harmonious

Value of Health Care

1145 words - 5 pages The Value of Health Care The development of value based healthcare reimbursement systems between healthcare payers and healthcare providers is evolving from the need to provide patients with beneficial healthcare technologies under conditions of significant economic uncertainty. The concept examined centralizes on shifting the focus of the healthcare system from volume to value. Value is measured by outcomes achieved based on a full cycle of

future of health care

1996 words - 8 pages There was great progress between the years of 2000 to 2010 in medical care. Technology and research continues to improve. The health care system is burden with constant cost that continues to grow as well as poor health. When it comes to health our ranking against other nations is very low, although we spend lots of money on health care. Hopefully with the next decade we will be able to reverse the negative trend of Americans not being able to

Similar Essays

Socioeconomic Status And Health Care Essay

2097 words - 8 pages Socioeconomic Status and Health Care Sharing My Own Perspective There is a strong correlation with an individual or group SES and the quality of health care received. Social Economic Class relates to what group of class an individual fit in based on their income, which can include wages, investments or other source. The quality of care depends on the facilities that is offering the services, the staff, accessibility to the service and the

Health Care Reform Impacts The Nursing Profession

873 words - 4 pages United States government, that a new plan was introduced. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) was signed into law by President Obama in 2010, which with time will restructure and rearrange the power of healthcare. It transforms healthcare from “late-stage, high intensity, illness focused, tertiary, interventional health service to a much stronger value driven focus on achieving the highest levels of health” (Porter-O’Grady

Stigma And Discrimination Experienced By People Living With Hiv/Aids At Health Care Facilities

1919 words - 8 pages for the spread of the epidemic. Fear on being tested positive for HIV includes both the fear of medical as well as the social consequences. Fear of discrimination can discourage PLHA from seeking healthcare even for general health problems. This can result in poor health outcomes for these individuals. These findings reinforce that HIV testing needs to be part of a package of support and care services that begin in the hospital and extend into the

Negative Impacts Of Hiv Essay

2041 words - 9 pages and create a potential for fiscal crises (Dixon et al., 2002). Another effect of HIV on the economy of Africa is the decrease in exports and the increase in imports. This is a result of lower domestic productivity and the need for expensive health care goods (Dixon et al., 2002). Defaults on debt payments could be caused by the balance of payments between export earnings and import expenditure and government budgets coming under pressure at the