Socioeconomic Impacts Of Hiv On Kenyan Health Care

2313 words - 10 pages

Socioeconomic Impacts of HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) on the Kenyan Health Care

By Group 5
Nahita Zafimahova 631812
Amadi Tasha Lulu 635227
Jaffer Nadeera Karim 632016
Anne Nduta Gathoga 633410

Human Physiology (NSC2205)
Submitted on April 1st, 2014 to Dr. Apollo Maima
Table of Contents
Introduction 2
What is HIV? 2
Signs and Symptoms of HIV/AIDS 2-3
Health Impacts of HIV 3
Impacts of HIV/AIDS
Social 3-4
Economic – Individual 5
Economic – Health Care 5-6
Recommendations 6-7
Conclusion 7
References 7-8

Introduction
What is HIV?
HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), which is a lentivirus virus that attacks the immune system of the human causing the Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). The virus spreads through body fluids that affect specific immune system cells known as CD4 cells or T cells (Center for Disease Control and Prevention , 2014). When the virus destroys a significant number of the cells, the body becomes unable to fight off infections and diseases. This leads to AIDS, a condition whereby progressive failure of the human immune system permits life-threatening opportunistic infections to thrive. Once is infected with HIV, the individual lives with it for the remainder of his or her life. Prevailing scientific knowledge demonstrates that the body cannot rid itself of HIV as it does with other viruses.
Signs and Symptoms of HIV/AIDS
Within two to four weeks of exposure to the virus, some people report having flu-like symptoms, which include: fever, enlarged lymph nodes, sore throat, and a rash (Center for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014). A person may experience these for as little as a few days to as much as several weeks. Although the virus may not be detected by an HIV test, individuals who have contracted it are highly infectious. It is also important to note that other diseases may cause the symptoms listed above. Thus, the best way to be sure of one’s HIV status is to be tested for the same, in order to take the necessary steps following the results.
Health Impacts of HIV
Among the health impacts of HIV are opportunistic infections that take advantage of the weakened immune system and attack the body. These infections can result in devastating illnesses, and are the most common cause of death for people infected with HIV (AIDS.GOV, 2010). Individuals infected with the virus are also at risk of contracting Hepatitis B or C, tuberculosis, and Type 2 diabetes. At times, oral opportunistic infections such as candidiasis are the first indicator that an individual’s immune system is not working properly (AIDS.GOV, 2010). Persons living with HIV are more susceptible to conditions such as: oral warts, canker sores, gum disease, fever blisters, oral hairy leukoplakia, and thrush. Other potential HIV related health problems include cancer, cardiovascular health issues, and kidney disease. In addition, there are psychological/psychiatric health problems (for example...

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